CCR Resolutions Database

Search here for CCR resolutions. You can also consult resolutions by date of adoption.

Res.: 7 , May 2001
  1. The UNHCR exclusion clause guidelines of December 1996 provide that: a) in principle, the applicability of the exclusion clauses should be considered only after the adjudicator is satisfied that the individual fulfils the criteria for refugee status (guidelines 9). b) an assessment of a claim requires that the nature of the crime and the claimant’s role in it be weighed against the gravity of the persecution feared (guideline 9). c) the exclusion clauses need to be interpreted restrictively (guideline 8);
  2. The Federal Court has said that: a) it is not legally necessary to decide inclusion before exclusion, but it is desirable to do so. b) the refugee definition does not require that the gravity of the crime be balanced against the gravity of the persecution feared. c) the Board must be extremely cautious in its application of the exclusion clauses, but also that the standard of proof is less than the balance of probabilities;
  3. The Immigration Act gives the Chairperson of the Immigration and Refugee Board power to issue guidelines to the Board;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR ask the Chairperson of the Immigration and Refugee Board to issue guidelines to its Refugee Division on the exclusion clauses that would include the principles that:

  1. Inclusion should precede exclusion;
  2. The gravity of the offence should be balanced against the gravity of the persecution feared;
  3. The standard of proof should be higher than a balance of probabilities.
Res.: 12 , May 2001
  1. Citizenship and Immigration Canada maintains a list of countries to which Canada does not generally deport individuals from those countries;
  2. A significant number of people from those countries, who are subject to deportation, have now been in Canada for many years and have no avenue to resolve their situation;
  3. Living in this limbo situation causes great hardship and suffering, including long term separation from immediate family members;
  4. It is very difficult for persons in this situation to be accepted for permanent residence through the Humanitarian and Compassionate stream;
  5. This situation will continue to prevail after the implementation of the new Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (Bill C-11);
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR write to the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration urging that a process be established which will facilitate the granting of permanent residence to all individuals who have been in Canada for more than three years and who are from countries on the list.


Res.: 5 , May 2001
  1. CCR brings together NGOs active and involved in the 4 Metropolis Centres of Excellence (Vancouver, Prairies, Toronto, Montreal and soon the Atlantic);
  2. Metropolis (Canada) is proposing a national research program aimed at developing immigration policies and programs for the coming 6 years;
  3. The proposed research priorities question the role of community organizations serving refugees and immigrants and will affect the areas of activity of NGOs;
  4. Metropolis relies on the support and participation of NGOs in the processes; of consultation, adoption and implementation of a national research program;
  5. The current Metropolis proposal deals mainly with immigration as an economic and competitive issue  and gives undue priority to public security and criminality aspects of immigration;
  6. The Metropolis proposal marginalizes the role and responsibility of the  host society in settling newcomers and fails to take into account the reception and settlement of refugees;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Call on Metropolis Canada to amend their proposal to take account of a broader concept of settlement and integration of refugees and immigrants and include priorities concerning protection issues;
  2. Establish an ad hoc task group to develop a common NGO position in response to the Metropolis proposal, notably on the terms of participation in Metropolis bodies and activities and reiterate our call to provide a mechanism and resources to facilitate the participation of community organizations serving immigrants and refugees.
Res.: 10 , May 2001

The Canadian Red Cross is about to sign a Detention Monitoring Agreement to monitor CIC detention facilities;

Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR urge CIC to disclose the findings of the Red Cross reports as fully as possible consistent with the principles of the Red Cross including confidentiality.


Res.: 15 , May 2001
  1. By resolution passed in 1993 the formation of a joint committee of private sponsorship representatives and CIC personnel for the purpose of improving communications was mandated;
  2. This committee as originally mandated has successfully negotiated the current Sponsorship Agreement and is now engaged in the drafting of a new version of the agreement, as well as having been involved in working at a number of other on-going issues related to the private sponsorship of refugees;
  3. CIC personnel present at these meetings have been inconsistent in number and in the level of decision-making power, resulting in a lack of policy-making ability as well as results-oriented discussion;
  4. The SAH representatives have contributed far beyond a normal volunteer capacity in the hope of achieving results in the area of policy making;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR urge CIC to ensure that:

  1. They have full representation at all meetings of the NGO-Government Committee on the Private Sponsorship of Refugees;
  2. CIC’s representatives have decision-making power;
  3. International Region participate on a regular basis.
Res.: 8 , May 2001
  1. In the past when the immigration system has undergone a substantial change the government has allowed those caught up in the older system to receive landing under relaxed criteria;
  2. There are a substantial number of protection claimants caught up at various stages in the present immigration system;
  3. The Canadian Government is proposing a complete overhaul of the present system through Bill C-11;
  4. It is undesirable to burden the new immigration system with a substantial caseload from the old system;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR ask the Government of Canada, as part of the implementation of Bill C-11:

  1. To allow all those caught up in the present protection determination system at its various stages to apply for landing in Canada under relaxed criteria;
  2. That all decisions in response to these landing applications be made forthwith.
Res.: 13 , May 2001
  1. There have been a series of allegations of racial bias and institutional racism concerning members of the IRB and its personnel;
  2. There have been no serious studies of these allegations of racial bias;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the Executive appoint a task group to:

  1. Gather together and assess information relating to possible racial bias and institutional racism in the IRB;
  2. Decide whether or not to recommend to the Executive that the CCR request the IRB to conduct a public and independent inquiry into problems of racial bias and institutional racism at the IRB.
Res.: 1 , May 2001

The CCR reaffirms Resolution 3 from November 1992 and Resolution16 from December 2000,

Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Verify with the Privacy Commissioner and the Canadian Human Rights Commission and seek independent legal advice on the ethics of:  (i) agencies releasing client information without explicit, voluntary, informed client consent.  (ii) having newcomers sign blanket release of information forms upon arrival, raising significant issues of informed, voluntary consent and raising issues of how agencies will be able to know which clients may have refused release of information;
  2. Request that CIC do a cost-benefit analysis of moving from aggregate data collection to individual data collection;
  3. Urge CIC to heed the suggestions in the Kathleen Stevenson report;
  4. Urge CIC to enter into a discussion with the sector about the desired outcomes of settlement services and base the performance measurement and program evaluation framework on these outcomes.
Res.: 6 , May 2001
  1. Immigrant serving agencies require operational funds to deliver services to newcomers as per the terms of contribution agreements of CIC;
  2. There has been an ongoing problem with service provider organizations having insufficient cashflow to deliver continuous services to newcomers due to delays in the approval of new contribution agreements;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call on CIC to be accountable to the service providers and newcomers by implementing timely application and approval target dates to ensure that new contribution agreements are signed and new year advances are released before existing contribution agreements end.


Res.: 11 , May 2001
  1. National Detention Standards remain at a draft stage but function as de facto guidelines;
  2. It is acknowledged that there are no management oversight boards for detention facilities within the CIC structure and no satisfactory complaint mechanisms;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR urge CIC to:

  1. Amend and adopt the draft National Detention Standards in line with NGO proposed amendments;
  2. Establish management oversight boards for CIC detention facilities and an effective complaint mechanism for detainees and NGOs;
  3. Adopt national detention standards for persons detained in non-CIC facilities.
Res.: 9 , Dec 2000
  1. There have been reports of Minister's Representatives' interventions in refugee hearings leading to retraumatization of refugee claimants, especially survivors of torture;
  2. There is no Code of Conduct to be observed by the Minister's representative at refugee hearings;
  3. There is no adequate accountability mechanism in this respect;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR write to the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration and the Chairperson of the IRB raising its concerns and asking them to collaborate in establishing a fair and accountable mechanism, with feedback from the CCR, for conduct of the Minister's representatives at refugee hearings and their mode of interventions.


Res.: 19 , Dec 2000
  1. The CCR membership has acknowledged the negative impact of homophobia and heterosexism within our sector and membership;
  2. Current settlement standards do not explicitly reflect the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) refugees and immigrants;
  3. There is an apparent lack of commitment to training and education on these issues;
  4. There are serious concerns about the refusal rates of refugee claims based on sexual orientation;
Therefore be it resolved:

That a task group be struck by the CCR to:

  1. Facilitate information-sharing on pro LGBTQ practices and policies within the immigration and refugee sector;
  2. Suggest amendments to existing settlement standards to include LGBTQ issues;
  3. Urge CCR members to implement mandatory training and education within their agencies on unlearning homophobia and heterosexism;
  4. Gather evidence about the refusal rate, processes and practices of the IRB in relation to claims based on sexual orientation.
Res.: 11 , Dec 2000
  1. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in its report invited Canada to draw on the resources of the OAS human rights system;
  2. Training for IRB members in international human rights law is not given by a competent arms-length human rights body;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call on the IRB to:

  1. Pay the IACHR to provide training in international human rights law for the IRB members and RCOs;
  2. Open their training sessions to the CCR and members of the bar.
Res.: 12 , Dec 2000
  1. Convention refugees have the right to apply for permanent residence;
  2. The processing of the application for permanent residence can take a considerable amount of time, during which Convention refugees are not accorded rights to which they are entitled under the 1951 Convention;
  3. The lack of these rights causes hardship to Convention refugees and their families;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call on Citizenship and Immigration Canada to automatically land Convention refugees and their family members and dependants, whether inside or outside of Canada, in order for them to benefit from the rights acquired as per Canada's obligation under the1951 Convention.

Res.: 17 , Dec 2000
  1. The CCR has expressed commitment to inclusive practices and in particular refugee participation;
  2. Refugee women face systemic and societal barriers in accessing opportunities for participation in leadership capacities;
  3. Participants of the Refugee Women's meeting expressed a desire and commitment to continued participation and identified the need for space to share experiences, network, address specific issues and develop affirmative actions for follow up;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Provide space at CCR conferences for refugee women, with a priority to outreach to informally organized refugee women;
  2. Ensure refugee women as a priority in the nominations for positions to the CCR Executive and Working Group Chairs, similar to the refugee participation policy;
  3. Identify better strategies in the promotion of the Refugee Participation Fund to include better methods of ensuring continuity, support and orientation for participants, e.g. mentoring;
  4. Strongly encourage member agencies to facilitate support of the participation of refugee women through the Refugee Participation Fund and to provide resources and support to develop and maintain networks at local levels.
Res.: 4 , Dec 2000
  1. CCR continues to oppose the Source Country List, believing that all countries should be treated equally;
  2. Conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea and its racial overtones has rendered many people in mixed marriage situations or being descendants thereof, effectively stateless, unwelcome and persecuted in both countries;
  3. Refugees from Sierra Leone are being forcibly repatriated to Sierra Leone;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR urge the Government of Canada to process under the Source Country Class those people urgently in need of protection in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Sierra Leone.


Res.: 15 , Dec 2000
  1. A National Settlement Service Standards (NSSS) Framework was developed by the CCR through a National Consultation process that involved a broad range of individuals and agencies providing settlement services to immigrants, refugees and refugee claimants;
  2. The CCR adopted in principle the NSSS framework as presented by the Working Group on Settlement in June 2000 (Res. 1, Jun. 00);
  3. The National Settlement Service Standards Steering Committee was asked to develop a plan to implement this framework across Canada;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR seek funding to enable the National Settlement Services Standards Steering Committee to complete the following tasks:

  1. Develop tools to assist workers and agencies in adopting and using the NSSS framework;
  2. Research and develop a peer review support model for agencies using the NSSS framework;
  3. Explore the concept of a national registry of settlement agencies having successfully completed a peer review process.
Res.: 2 , Dec 2000
  1. The war in Sudan continues to be fuelled by oil revenues from the expanding operation in which Talisman Energy is a major partner;
  2. The war continues to be characterized by deliberate targeting of civilian populations in the South, forcible displacements and disruptions to and targeting of humanitarian aid operations and workers;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Itself seek and encourage its members to bring to the attention of the Canadian public the continuing atrocities by the Sudanese Government upon the people of southern Sudan and the complicity of Talisman Energy in these atrocities;
  2. Urge the Canadian government to reconsider the Harker Commission report concerning the involvement of Talisman Energy in Sudan and introduce measures to curtail it;
  3. Urge the Canadian government to investigate ways and means to mount an international effort to protect the nearly 5 million internally displaced people in Sudan;
  4. Urge the Canadian government to do ongoing and effective work with host countries such as Egypt, Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya, on the need for increased protection of Sudanese refugees in their cities and camps.
Res.: 7 , Dec 2000
  1. There are serious problems with unaccompanied migrant and refugee claimant children entering Canada (e.g. (1) difference between Provinces in assessment, treatment and support; (2) inconsistency with institutions concerned with protection and representation of unaccompanied migrant and refugee claimant children (IRB, detention));
  2. Considerable research has been done by UNHCR, Save the Children and other organizations concerned with the rights of children;
  3. Canada does not have clear and consistent guidelines and legislation to deal fairly with migrant and refugee claimant children;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR collaborate with the UNHCR to research and develop recommendations regarding legislation, policy and appropriate protocols to ensure fair treatment of unaccompanied migrant and refugee claimant children consistent with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.


Res.: 13 , Dec 2000
  1. CIC has been using P&I, a private company, to remove African nationals from Canada to Africa;
  2. The deportees have been forcibly detained and unlawfully confined by a private company;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Write to the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration to: a) Condemn the use of P&I for removal of deportees; b) Demand to know the legal basis for using P&I;
  2. Demand that the Minister confirm in writing that the practice of using private agents for removals will cease;
  3. Continue to investigate P&I and Citizenship and Immigration Canada's contracting out of removals;
  4. Investigate all possible human rights violations, possible complaints and legal challenges to such practices.
Res.: 18 , Dec 2000
  1. HIV positive persons are not a threat to public health or safety;
  2. Instituting mandatory HIV testing for all prospective immigrants is discriminatory since this would be the only group for whom mandatory testing is imposed;
  3. Testing could significantly harm people identified as being HIV positive who live in countries with coercive laws or practice;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR oppose mandatory HIV testing for prospective immigrants and raise its opposition with Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

Res.: 5 , Dec 2000
  1. There are massive human rights abuses against Sierra Leonean refugees in Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia and the Gambia;
  2. The CCR appreciates the special Sierra Leone program introduced by the federal government in 2000-2001;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR urge the Government of Canada to:

  1. Continue to expedite reunification of Sierra Leonean refugees with family members in Canada;
  2. Continue to extend financial support to sponsors wanting to sponsor Sierra Leonean refugees.
Res.: 10 , Dec 2000
  1. Numerous members of CCR and other refugee advocates have criticized the lack of an effective procedure to deal with complaints about Convention Refugee Determination Division members' and Refugee Claims Officers' behaviour and competence;
  2. The complaint procedures and protocols implemented, to date, by the Immigration and Refugee Board have failed to adequately address the concerns of refugees and their advocates;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call upon the Immigration and Refugee Board to:

  1. Introduce a procedure whereby complaints related to the behaviour or competence of Convention Refugee Determination Division members and Refugee Claims Officers will be investigated by an independent person or panel;
  2. Develop and implement a policy which clearly sets out what consequences flow from a finding that a Convention Refugee Determination Division member or Refugee Claims Officer has engaged in inappropriate behaviour or has acted in an incompetent manner.
Res.: 16 , Dec 2000
  1. The federal government is undertaking to develop an accountability framework for settlement services to fulfill new Treasury Board guidelines;
  2. Settlement agencies are committed to being accountable to funders, clients and the community;
  3. It is in the interest of both CIC and NGOs to work closely on this project;
  4. CCR's Resolution 4, May 1999 addressed this issue but unfortunately the LINC study seems not to have been distributed as indicated would happen in the August 18, 1999 letter from CIC;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR encourage Citizenship and Immigration Canada to:

  1. Develop the framework in a transparent, accountable manner by:a) engaging in meaningful two-way consultations; b) ensuring benefits from frontline and academic expertise in the provision of adult education, employment and settlement services;c) conducting business in an open and transparent manner, including posting on the internet such documents as, inter alia, studies, reports and meeting minutes; holding regional meetings with open invitations to contract holders; and reporting to all relevant umbrella groups;
  2. Develop the framework in such a manner as to strengthen, facilitate and improve service delivery;
  3. Develop the framework acknowledging the complexities of managing both large and small NGOs and with the intent of facilitating sound, efficient management thereof;
  4. Clarify the distinctions and interconnections between: performance measurement/ program evaluation; outputs/outcomes and quantitative/qualitative indicators.
Res.: 3 , Dec 2000
  1. In resolution 9 of November 1996, the CCR committed itself to exposing atrocities by the Sudanese government upon the people of southern Sudan;
  2. Anglican members of their refugee network have worked with Sudanese in Canada to sponsor refugees from Sudan;
  3. The war in Sudan, which is in part responsible for the displacement of millions of people, has been fuelled by oil revenues from the expanding operation in which Talisman Energy is a major partner;
  4. The national pension fund of the Anglican Church of Canada has invested heavily in the Talisman shares;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR write to the Anglican Church of Canada expressing concern and requesting the Church to review its investment in Talisman with a view to divesting itself of Talisman shares in order to be consistent with its policy as expressed through the Primate's World Relief and Development Fund.