CCR Resolutions Database

Search here for CCR resolutions. You can also consult resolutions by date of adoption.

Res.: 6 , Dec 2001
Whereas:

The CCR participated in the Durban World Conference against Racism (WCAR);

Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Call on the government of Canada to advocate for a Durban plus 5 Conference and monitor the progress that has been made since WCAR;
  2. Bring forward refugee and immigrant concerns to any shadow report prepared on Canada for the Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) on the progress since WCAR;
  3. Continue to promote the involvement of youth and aboriginal people in CCR anti-racism work;
  4. Continue membership in the National Anti-Racism Coalition (NARC), including serving on the steering committee.
Res.: 11 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. Large numbers of letters, e-mails and faxes have been received by CCR members alleging torture in Ethiopia by the government and its agencies;
  2. Ethiopia is a signatory to the UN Convention against Torture;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR write and request the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Amnesty International and the International Red Cross to investigate these allegations.

Res.: 16 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. The increasing number of separated refugee children in Canada has drawn attention to the protection gaps existing in Canada, in particular the inconsistent practices regarding care and guardianship of separated refugee children in different provinces;
  2. Canada has obligations under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call on the federal and provincial governments to immediately resolve the jurisdictional issues and put into place measures that are consistent across Canada to fill the gaps in protection, care and guardianship of these vulnerable children, in accordance with Canada's international obligations.

Res.: 21 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. In June 2000, CCR called for the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration and CIC to immediately implement the recommendations in the SIRC report concerning three complaints made by people suffering delays in landing for security reasons, and the responses to CCR by both the Solicitor General and the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration noted that “decisions on admissibility rest with CIC”, not with CSIS;
  2. The recommendations of SIRC appear to have had no effective role in modifying CSIS recommendations to CIC in this case;
  3. Although one of these complainants has been responded to positively, the other two cases remain unresolved at the present time;
  4. Bill C-36 greatly expands the ability of Canadian authorities to deem someone a “terrorist” and an organization a “terrorist organization;”
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Call on the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration to introduce legislation to expand the authority of the Security Intelligence Review Committee (SIRC) to review security certificates issued not only against Canadian citizens, but also those issued against permanent residents, Convention refugees and refugee claimants;
  2. Call on the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration to instruct her officials that, where SIRC has heard a complaint against CSIS and issued a report, the report be given primacy in the Department’s decisions with regard to admissibility;
  3. Call on the Solicitor General to introduce legislation to expand the authority of SIRC such that SIRC be empowered to review and issue binding reports on the government’s listing of “terrorist organizations” under Bill C-36.
Res.: 26 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. Refugee claimants are often not advised by CIC that they have the right to legal counsel at various points in the claimant process;
  2. Failure to advise has caused harm to some claimants;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR request that the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration ensure that those in the process of making a refugee claim be clearly advised, without bias, of their right to legal counsel in the refugee process and, where available, be provided with information on the ways to procure legal counsel.

Res.: 31 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. Security concerns now require more intensive examinations of travellers at borders;
  2. Profiling based on identity has been used in the past;
  3. Profiling based on identity is highly demeaning for those involved and discriminatory;
  4. A serious public concern warrants the necessary costs and a broader sharing of the inconveniences;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR urge the government of Canada not to use profiling based on identity for border examinations and to ensure on-discrimination, by, if necessary, examining whole travelling populations.

Res.: 4 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. Settlement agencies received a memo dated Nov. 2, 2001 indicating that “Enhanced Reliability” clearances on LINC, ISAP, RAP and Host staff will be a contract requirement as of 2002-2003, referring to this as a measure prompted by the events of September 11;
  2. The memo is unclear about which staff will be subject to such requirements;
  3. The memo implies that CIC is creating a vulnerable computer system after having assured settlement agencies that the system would be secure;
  4. The CCR fails to see any connection between September 11 and credit checks on those handling valuables;
  5. Agencies are liable for the actions of their staff and volunteers and thus have measures in place to assure their reliability;
  6. Preliminary investigation indicates that no other federal department which manages contribution agreements, such as HRDC, Health Canada, CIDA, etc., are implementing similar measures;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Request clarification from CIC regarding: a) What staff CIC believes need a security check and why. b) What credit checks are envisaged, whether they include volunteer board members who have bank signing authorities, and why. c) Why there is a rush on checks on staff using a computer system which we had been assured was secure and through which agencies would only have access to data regarding their own clients;
  2. Urge the Prime Minister to address this issue as an example of systemic racism and the targeting of immigrants by the federal government;
  3. Examine the Human Rights implications of this matter with the Human Rights Commission;
  4. Explore the possibility of a charter challenge on this issue;
  5. Bring the issue to the attention of the Canadian Race Relations Foundation.
Res.: 9 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. In April 2001, as part of the larger Integration Initiative supported by the tripartite partners in resettlement, the International Conference on the Reception and Integration of Refugees was held in Sweden. The conference endorsed resettlement and integration as important planks in the international protection system and durable solutions. Among the outcomes of the Conference is a set of principles endorsed by all the participants that provides a platform for further initiatives to take place involving traditional and emerging resettlement countries.
  2. One of the elements of the Initiative, the UNHCR Reception and Integration Handbook, will enunciate a framework for supporting people from refugee backgrounds in resettlement countries to rebuild their lives. This process is underway and continues to involve a Task Force made up of governmental and NGO representatives from many of the traditional and emerging resettlement countries, including Canada.
  3. Other outcomes have begun in less structured ways such as through informal sharing of information, site visits and exchange of material resources. In Canada, these early activities include the facilitation of site visits and conference participation by representatives from Chile, one of the emerging resettlement countries in southern South America and the resulting commitments to ongoing relationships between Canadian NGOs and the Chilean resettlement partners.
  4. As UNHCR does not inherently have the expertise in reception and integration issues, and as the financing of a focal point for the Integration Initiative concludes as of December 2001, the process for facilitating the continuation of the integration initiative, including the post-ICRIRR process, is vulnerable.
  5. Canada took a lead role in the planning process leading up to the ICRIRR conference and has endorsed the overall Integration Initiative including becoming a member of the Reference Group for the Integration Initiative and supporting governmental participation in the Task Force responsible for developing the Reception and Integration Handbook. In recognition of this leadership role, UNHCR requested the Government of Canada to Chair the Reference Group and provide leadership in facilitating the post ICRIRR process. To date Canada has not responded to this request.
  6. The ICRIRR Principles include commitment to tripartite processes and the participation of relevant partners concerned with the resettlement and integration of refugees. The UNHCR Working Group on Resettlement, currently a bilateral forum, through the Reference Group for the Integration Initiative, is tasked with providing follow-up to the ICRIRR process. Furthermore, the Working Group on Resettlement is also the principal body of UNHCR and its resettlement partners for dialogue on ongoing broader refugee resettlement policies and initiatives.
  7. During the Annual Tripartite Consultations on Resettlement in Geneva (June 2001), participants expressed interest in including NGO representation on the UNHCR Working Group on Resettlement. Although there is receptivity to NGO presence at the Working Group this has yet to be defined and agreed upon by the existing UNHCR and governmental membership.
  8. The Canadian Council for Refugees was actively engaged in the preparation for and participation in the ICRIRR Conference and endorsed the principles and the resolutions evolving from the Conference. Furthermore, the CCR is also considering how it may participate more actively in international fora.
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Urge the Government of Canada, through the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, to reaffirm its commitment to the principles agreed to at the ICRIRR Conference in April 2001 and explore how best they may be implemented within Canada and in its relationships with other resettlement countries;
  2. Strongly encourage the Government of Canada, through the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, to provide leadership by assuming the Chair of the Reference Group to the Integration Initiative and by supporting and facilitating networking between resettlement countries in the spirit of the ICRIRR process;
  3. Urge the Government of Canada, through the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, to seek ways in which to support activities and initiatives undertaken by the Canadian government and by Canadian NGOs to further the principles endorsed at the ICRIRR Conference and to strengthen resettlement initiatives in emerging resettlement countries;
  4. Request that the Canadian Government express support, in dialogue with its governmental resettlement country partners, for the representation of NGOs at the UNHCR Working Group on Resettlement and the facilitation of Canadian NGO participation;
  5. Seek ways to integrate the Principles endorsed at the ICRIRR Conference into the priorities and activities of the Canadian Council for Refugees.
Res.: 14 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. The CCR has become increasingly involved in international activities and consultations with respect to refugee protection, resettlement and integration;
  2. International forums and discussions impact Canada’s own policies and programs within the global context;
Therefore be it resolved:

That:

  1. The CCR Executive Committee reassess on behalf of the membership the way in which the CCR participates in international forums, identifies representatives, develops resource support, and involves its membership, in order to be strategic in its planning and participation;
  2. The CCR through its Executive Committee consider the establishment of a Core Group on international issues as a means of ensuring related participation and activity in its three Working Groups.
Res.: 19 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. The Province of BC has in place an appropriate model for the protection, care and guardianship of all separated children;
  2. The current BC government is now considering reduction of these services and lowering the age limit for such services;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call on the BC government to maintain or improve the current level of protection, care and services for separated refugee children in BC.

Res.: 29 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. There are expanded grounds for inadmissibility that will impact on eligibility to make a refugee claim in Bill C-11;
  2. Eligibility decisions will be made during front-end processing by CIC officers many of whom will be newly recruited employees to meet the enhanced resource needs under the new bill;
  3. There have been previous resolutions calling on CIC to provide training and to invite NGO participation in the training of their staff;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Call on CIC to ensure that appropriate and regular training and orientation are provided to officers including clearly defined guidelines and terms of reference for decision making, sensitivity training specific to gender, race, LGBT, children and victims of torture;
  2. Request CIC to access community and NGO expertise in the provision of the training;
  3. Request CIC for an accountability framework for eligibility decisions.
Res.: 2 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. The current interpretation of the terms “general public” and “advocacy” by the Charities Branch means that many organizations serving immigrants and refugees, women and ethnospecific communities do not meet the criteria for being granted charitable status;
  2. Many organizations have been denied or lost charitable status because they are deemed to serve special interest groups and not the general public or because they include advocacy as part of their work;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR work with the Charities Branch to effect policy changes regarding the interpretation of the Charities Act as it affects the status of ethnospecific and women ’s organizations, so that these organizations are recognized to be part of general Canadian society; and that advocacy is recognized as an essential tool for democratic participation in civic societies and that the work of these groups is recognized to be beneficial to Canadian society.

Res.: 7 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. The Auditor General of Canada in his report of April 1998 devoted an entire chapter (Chapter 6) to the demographic challenges facing Canada, saying “We are living longer and we are having fewer children. These are indisputable facts;”
  2. The Auditor General has pointed to the “significant impact” of these demographic trends, particularly on the economy and on the long-term financial condition of the government.
  3. The Auditor General has drawn attention to the inadequacy of the information provided by the Government to Parliament and the public about the implications of current demographic trends and their potential impact;
  4. The Government of Canada appears to have taken no overt action to respond to the recommendations of the Auditor General in these matters;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call on the Government of Canada to:

  1. Tell the people of Canada about the potential impacts that demographics can have, as detailed in, and as recommended by the 1998 report of the Auditor General;
  2. Devise a long-term strategy for increasing immigration as a response to the demographic challenges described by the Auditor General.
Res.: 12 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. The situation of refugees in Pakistan is increasingly precarious;
  2. Conditions necessary for repatriation as a durable or even physically safe solution will not be established in Afghanistan for some time to come;
  3. The level of instability requires a special level of response from all countries that provide humanitarian support and resettlement options for Afghans externally displaced;
  4. The Canadian Government is in a position to respond to the situation of these persons with concrete actions;
  5. A clear response by the Canadian Government will send a strong positive message about Afghan refugees to the Canadian public;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR urge the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration to:

  1. Provide extra financial and human resources to deal with processing in this crisis situation by use of secondment, voluntary temporary assignment or any other creative means;
  2. Identify rapidly, through the major processing posts, a pool of Afghan refugees, especially unaccompanied women and children, in need of resettlement, and to process cases from this pool immediately;
  3. Immediately clear the backlog of Afghan refugee resettlement cases;
  4. Implement a blended sponsorship program to facilitate more private sponsorships of Afghan refugee cases;
  5. Announce publicly the urgent need for these measures and the Government’s commitment to carry them out.
Res.: 17 , Dec 2001
Whereas:

The UNHCR has recently produced a report on the situation of separated refugee children in Canada and has made a series of recommendations to the IRB and to the federal and provincial governments to address the protection needs of these children;

Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR adopt the UNHCR report and recommendations and call on the IRB and the federal and provincial governments to implement these recommendations.

Res.: 22 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. Following the September 11th tragedy, articles have appeared in mainstream media on the justification of the use of torture under exceptional and emergency conditions;
  2. The use of special drugs (truth serums) is recommended by some enforcement elements against suspected terrorists and this recommendation has been reflected by media;
  3. The Canadian government has reaffirmed its commitment to the Convention against Torture through C-11;
  4. Refugees and other uprooted people are more vulnerable to torture and other cruel, inhumane and degrading treatments and punishments;
  5. The level of public education on the scourge of torture is low and CIC and IRB officials need special training on the subject;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call on the government of Canada to:

  1. Reaffirm its commitment not to use torture under any emergency condition whatsoever;
  2. Work for the prevention and eradication of torture and the prosecution of torturers at the international level;
  3. Reaffirm its commitments to UN principles of medical ethics and assure that no drugs will be used on prisoners or detainees except for the purposes of healing;
  4. Allocate a budget and work with NGOs and specifically the CCR towards organizing public education programs and special education programs for CIC and IRB officials;
  5. Assure that other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatments and punishments will not be used in Canadian prisons and detention centres;
  6. Closely collaborate with the UN Committee against Torture with the aim of strengthening the Committee and responding to its concerns;
  7. Increase its financial contributions to the UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture.
Res.: 27 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. There are currently negotiations and policy discussions on adopting common security arrangements with the USA;
  2. Canada has a tradition of supporting international law and fundamental human rights (and this tradition may be abandoned in the current context).
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Oppose the creation of a common security perimeter and policy with the United States;
  2. Re-iterate to the Canadian government our support for respecting the fundamental rights of refugees and migrants in accordance with international law and our international human rights obligations without discrimination;
  3. Ask the Canadian government to fully protect Canadian sovereignty in immigration and refugee matters and ensure access for all refugee claimants to the Canadian refugee determination system.
Res.: 32 , Dec 2001
Whereas:
  1. Violations of human rights are among the causes of refugee flows in the world;
  2. Promotion of human rights is one of the few tools to prevent refugee flows;
  3. Anti-terrorism legislation in several Western countries including Canada compromises the established emergency basis for limiting human rights in international human rights law;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR oppose the anti-terrorism legislationC-36 and C-42 because of the negative effects that it has had and will have on refugees and immigrants.

Res.: 3 , May 2001
Whereas:

delays cause anxiety and instability for refugees and their families;

Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR contact the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration and urge that CIC be resourced to supply sufficient support staff to provide for expeditious processing of family reunification, private sponsorships and other matters that require avoidance of delays and backlogs which cause pain and anxiety to refugees.

 

Res.: 4 , May 2001
Whereas:
  1. The CCR in June 1994 called on CIC to fund agencies at levels to provide for adequate working conditions;
  2. Staff working in CIC funded programs, including in provinces that have signed agreements, are skilled professionals;
  3. There is wide variation in funding levels for salaries, none of which adequately compensate staff for the work which they are doing;
  4. Many workers have no benefits, no pension plans, no prep time for teachers and in general sub-standard working conditions;
  5. Some contracts do not even allow for sick days;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Call on CIC to do a survey of working conditions in the sector and act to improve funding levels to allow agencies to provide reasonable working conditions;
  2. Investigate disparities in salary contributions in agreements with, inter alia, HRDC and Health Canada, with the objective of making a human rights complaint on discrimination in contracting.
Res.: 9 , May 2001
Whereas:
  1. The CCR opposes interdiction and has affirmed in Resolution 13 of May 93 and in the report of a task force published in May 1998 and entitled Interdicting Refugees its commitment to the right to seek asylum in Canada, but notes that the practice of interdiction continues;
  2. The International Air Transport Association Control Authority Working Group Code of Conduct for Immigration Liaison Officers of October 1998 provides that Liaison Officers should direct requests for asylum to the office of the UNHCR or to the appropriate diplomatic mission (paragraph 2.3);
  3. Interception of refugee claimants en route to Canada is normally effected by airline staff or subcontracted security firms who are not subject to the code of conduct and not by governmental Liaison Officers;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR ask all airlines with offices in Canada transporting passengers to Canada to adopt a code of conduct for their airline staff, the staff of any allied airlines acting as their agents, and subcontracted security firms effecting interceptions which would provide that intercepting employees provide information to every person intercepted about:

a) the refugee claim procedure in the country of interception.

b) the local office of the UNHCR. c) the diplomatic mission of the country of destination in the country of interception. d) local non-governmental organizations that could assist the person in making a refugee claim.  

Res.: 14 , May 2001
Whereas:
  1. Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) has expressed; a desire for a coordinated continuum in the refugee sponsorship process;
  2. CIC has issued a tender for proposal for an In-Canada Service Provider (ISP), the latest with a closing date of May 29, 2001;
  3. The ISP tender should have been posted for the public after budget was secured;
  4. The RSTP was extended to June 30, 2001 to facilitate transition to the ISP;
  5. There is another indefinite delay in the July 1, 2001 starting date for the ISP;
  6. There is a significant increase in new Sponsorship Agreement Holders (SAH) to whom RSTP/ISP would be indispensable in order for them to carry out their work effectively;
  7. The training and resources developed by the RSTP have enhanced SAHs effectiveness in refugee sponsorship;
  8. There will be a significant gap with the dissolution of the RSTP on June 30, 2001, which will result in the loss of infrastructure and knowledgeable staff;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR request CIC to continue funding the RSTP until such time as an ISP, based on the model developed between CIC and SAHs on February 5-6, 2001, is established.

 

Res.: 2 , May 2001
Whereas:
  1. Minister’s Permits have been issued for compassionate and humanitarian reasons to allow for urgent admission of individuals and families in dire circumstances;
  2. Minister’s Permits have been issued to persons in Canada who are inadmissible on medical grounds;
  3. The recipients of Minister’s Permits are not eligible for benefits available to resettled refugees and persons with permanent resident status (such as travel loans and health care);
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR contact the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration and request that families and individuals granted Minister ’s Permits for permanent admission to Canada be given equivalent benefits to resettled refugees and permanent residents.

 

Res.: 7 , May 2001
Whereas:
  1. The UNHCR exclusion clause guidelines of December 1996 provide that: a) in principle, the applicability of the exclusion clauses should be considered only after the adjudicator is satisfied that the individual fulfils the criteria for refugee status (guidelines 9). b) an assessment of a claim requires that the nature of the crime and the claimant’s role in it be weighed against the gravity of the persecution feared (guideline 9). c) the exclusion clauses need to be interpreted restrictively (guideline 8);
  2. The Federal Court has said that: a) it is not legally necessary to decide inclusion before exclusion, but it is desirable to do so. b) the refugee definition does not require that the gravity of the crime be balanced against the gravity of the persecution feared. c) the Board must be extremely cautious in its application of the exclusion clauses, but also that the standard of proof is less than the balance of probabilities;
  3. The Immigration Act gives the Chairperson of the Immigration and Refugee Board power to issue guidelines to the Board;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR ask the Chairperson of the Immigration and Refugee Board to issue guidelines to its Refugee Division on the exclusion clauses that would include the principles that:

  1. Inclusion should precede exclusion;
  2. The gravity of the offence should be balanced against the gravity of the persecution feared;
  3. The standard of proof should be higher than a balance of probabilities.
Res.: 12 , May 2001
Whereas:
  1. Citizenship and Immigration Canada maintains a list of countries to which Canada does not generally deport individuals from those countries;
  2. A significant number of people from those countries, who are subject to deportation, have now been in Canada for many years and have no avenue to resolve their situation;
  3. Living in this limbo situation causes great hardship and suffering, including long term separation from immediate family members;
  4. It is very difficult for persons in this situation to be accepted for permanent residence through the Humanitarian and Compassionate stream;
  5. This situation will continue to prevail after the implementation of the new Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (Bill C-11);
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR write to the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration urging that a process be established which will facilitate the granting of permanent residence to all individuals who have been in Canada for more than three years and who are from countries on the list.

 

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