CCR Resolutions Database

Search here for CCR resolutions. You can also consult resolutions by date of adoption.

Res.: 5 , Nov 1998
  1. Acquisition of language is key to the educational process;
  2. Adequate language funding in the school system is important to the future success of immigrant and refugee children;
  3. Current Ontario government policy only allow for three years of language support from the time of arrival in Canada;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR write to the Ontario Ministry of Education urging that eligibility for funding for language support:

  1. be extended to at least five years;
  2. be measured relative to the students' arrival in the Ontario school system to allow for adequate support for Canadian born children who start school without English skills and to allow for secondary migration from Quebec.
Res.: 15 , Nov 1998
  1. The Immigration and Refugee Board has begun to conduct refugee hearings using video-conferencing whereby IRB members in one city conduct hearings on claimants in another city;
  2. The IRB has done no analysis of the impact of such video-conference hearings on the ability of claimants to have a fair hearing;
  3. The use of video-conference hearings is contrary to the IRB's own stated policy of making the setting of refugee claims less intimidating and less formal;
  4. The use of video-conferencing for refugee hearings is a denial of due process to refugee claimants;
  5. Videoconferencing is also being used in detention reviews, similarly compromising the rights of detainees to a fair hearing;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call upon the IRB to immediately stop the use of video-conferencing for the conducting of refugee claim hearings and detention reviews.

Res.: 3 , Nov 1998
  1. There has been inadequate consultation with immigrants into their views on the proposed IMM 2000 card;
  2. The stated purpose is to prevent fraud which suggests that landed immigrants are perpetuating fraud;
  3. There will be costs to the landed immigrant over and above the discriminatory Right of Landing Fee (Head Tax);
  4. There are concerns about the information that will be able to be accessed by the IMM 2000 card;
  5. We believe that the use of biometrics is a violation of basic human rights;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR contact the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration and request consultations with the CCR and representatives of new Canadian communities before proceeding further with the IMM 2000.

Res.: 8 , Nov 1998
  1. Colombia continues to experience a plague of human rights violations with comparatively little world attention and near total impunity for the perpetrators;
  2. The Colombian government continues to disavow responsibility for the human rights violations;
  3. On 16 May 1998 Colombian paramilitaries murdered seven people and disappeared 25 others in Barrancabermeja;
  4. A campaign has been organized by a coalition of Colombian NGOs to try the perpetrators of this crime in public opinion tribunals in several countries, including Canada;

Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR wholeheartedly embrace the international campaign for people's opinion tribunals to judge and allocate responsibility for the May 16, 1998massacre in Barrancabermeja, Colombia

Res.: 13 , Nov 1998
  1. The CCR supports the right of the Canadian government to deny refuge to people who have committed crimes against humanity and to others who pose serious national security threats, except where refoulement is in contravention of the Convention Against Torture or where there will be a risk of capital punishment;
  2. It is the right and duty of the state to ensure that a just system for identifying such persons is in place;
  3. The definitions in the Immigration Act relating to inadmissibility on the basis of security are over-broad;
  4. Decisions regarding security inadmissibility are made without respecting the due process rights of those affected;
  5. There is no time limit within which a decision may be made, leading to indefinite delays for some of those affected;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call on the Canadian Government to:

  1. Introduce a system for identifying potential security risks with:

    a)a right to a hearing before an independent decision-maker for those alleged to be inadmissible on security grounds;

    b)protection of due process rights;

    c)an obligation to render a decision within a fixed time frame;

  2. Amend the Immigration Act to give a more precise definition of security risk.
Res.: 18 , Nov 1998

The CCR is concerned that refugee claims are being put into the abandonment - show cause stream at the IRB because claimants are being served by CIC with their eligibility and referral documents several days after the date of issuance of these documents;

Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Write to CIC to ensure that claimants are served their eligibility and referral documents in a timely fashion;
  2. Write to IRB to request that abandonments not be scheduled where the claimant has not enjoyed the full period for filing their PIF due to slow determinations of eligibility, making reference to the related inquiry from the BC Legal Services Society, which has not yet been replied to.
Res.: 6 , Nov 1998
  1. Convention refugees who have not been landed are living permanently in Canada;
  2. Access to higher education is a key to Canadian life and economic independence;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Write to the minister of Human Resources Development Canada urging him to amend the Canada Student Loans Act to include Convention Refugees in their eligibility criteria;
  2. Urge its members to raise this issue with their local Members of Parliament;
  3. Encourage provincial governments to:

    a) advocate this change with the Federal government;

    b) make the same change in their provincial legislation.

Res.: 16 , Nov 1998

The nomination process and the renewal of mandates at the IRB do not have the confidence of the legal and human rights communities;

Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Call for a moratorium on nominations and non-renewals until a fair process can be instituted.
  2. Ask the Parliamentary Committee on Citizenship and Immigration to hold hearings on these issues.
Res.: 4 , Nov 1998
  1. Immigrants and refugees are coming to this country with qualifications and professional skills that are needed in Canada;
  2. Many newcomers have been denied access to their professions or trades because of inflexible accreditation bodies;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call on the federal and provincial governments to ensure that there is a fair process whereby newcomers can gain recognition of the skills they acquired elsewhere and have:

  1. access to training to meet Canadian standards;
  2. a right of appeal from denial of such recognition or access.
Res.: 9 , Nov 1998
  1. General Augusto Pinochet is presently detained in the United Kingdom pending extradition proceeding initiated by Spain, France and Switzerland;
  2. General Pinochet's 1973 coup d'état against Chile's democratically elected government and the brutal dictatorship which he directed until 1990 was responsible for the deaths and/or disappearance of more than 3,000 Chileans and others, the torture and imprisonment of many thousands more and the forced exile of still more thousands to many countries including Canada;
  3. Applications have been made to the government of Canada by a Canadian citizen who was detained and tortured in Chile in October 1973, as well as by a number of Canadian citizens of Chilean origin who experienced severe abuses throughout the Pinochet years, for the prosecution and extradition of General Pinochet;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Send congratulations to the Judicial Committee of the House of Lords on their historic decision upholding the primacy of human rights over state rights;
  2. Send a message to the United Kingdom Home Secretary urging him to uphold the primacy of human rights over political considerations and to allow the extradition proceedings against General Pinochet to go ahead, or prosecute him in Great Britain for his crimes against humanity, and request the government of Canada to send a similar message;
  3. Urge the government of Canada to institute criminal proceedings against General Pinochet in the above mentioned cases and request his extradition from the United Kingdom to Canada.
Res.: 14 , Nov 1998
  1. The CCR is concerned that the drive for efficiency at the CRDD is resulting in the denial of the right of claimants to full and fair hearings;
  2. The CCR is concerned about allegations of bias by members at the CRDD in their rendering of decisions in claims based on sexual orientation;
  3. The CCR is concerned that the inability of lawyers to obtain conventional tape recordings of CRDD hearings is placing obstacles in the way of a claimant's right and a lawyer's ability to apply properly for leave to commence judicial review proceedings at the federal court;
  4. The CCR is concerned about the misconduct by RCOs during refugee claim hearings;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR write to the chairperson of the IRB to express our concerns and request action on the above issues.

Res.: 9 , May 1998
  1. Visa officers appear to be refusing an increasing number of privately sponsored refugee applicants;
  2. There is no appeal from such refusals except by way of judicial review which few applicants are aware of or resourced to pursue;
  3. Canada Immigration National Headquarters staff have indicated no more exact figure than that between 40% and 60% of privately sponsored refugees are refused;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Obtain from the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration broad based statistical information on refusals of privately sponsored applications.
  2. Request that the Minister put in place policy which requires visa posts to give sponsoring groups and refugee applicants detailed reasons for the refusal of an application.
Res.: 10 , May 1998

Groups applying for Joint Assistance Sponsorships for Women at Risk can face unexpected requests for travel costs in addition to the resettlement support they promised;

Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR urge the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration to:

  1. Ensure that Canada's response to its international obligations with respect to refugees such as women at risk is unambiguous and independent of voluntary cash contributions from the Canadians who are willing to make possible resettlement by the government in other ways;
  2. Introduce clarity into refugee resettlement programs so that Canadians who come forward to assist the government can predict the costs before they begin and do not suddenly face requests for cash contributions for travel costs.
Res.: 15 , May 1998
  1. Board members are under pressure to move quickly on cases at the expense of fairness, thus violating the fundamental right of refugee claimants to a fair and impartial hearing;
  2. The Montreal IRB has started giving negative decisions with no credible basis in a systematic and abusive fashion;
  3. There is a serious problem with Board members not treating fairly victims of torture and a general problem of insensitivity linked to a lack of proper training for Board members;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Express our opposition to increased findings of no credible basis in Montreal and call on the IRB to cease abusive use of such findings.
  2. Request training of IRB members with the active involvement of the UNHCR, the Canadian Bar, the CCR and other appropriate NGOs. This training must include sensitivity training on treatment of torture victims, a code of ethics for Board members and training on the rules of fundamental justice.
Res.: 13 , May 1998
  1. There are Convention Refugees, particularly Iranians, who have applied for landing and had CSIS interviews but have had their landing held up for years in the Security Reviews in case management;
  2. They are unable to travel outside Canada, sponsor family or pursue post-secondary education;
Therefore be it resolved:

That CCR request a meeting between CIC and the CCR and affected communities to discuss landing delays for security reasons.

Res.: 4 , May 1998
  1. The Human Rights Code includes sexual orientation as one of the prohibited grounds for discrimination in Canada;
  2. Gay men, lesbians, bisexual and transgendered individuals are as much a part of the immigrant and refugee communities as they are part of every community;
  3. Settlement agencies have the responsibility to provide relevant, effective and appropriate services to these further marginalized immigrant and refugee communities;
  4. The staff of settlement agencies, as part of a society that has heterosexist privilege, may have internalized a world view that further marginalizes these groups;
  5. This will impact negatively on the ability of the sector to provide effective settlement services to gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered immigrants and refugees;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR play a proactive role in supporting the rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered immigrants and refugees by:

  1. a) Becoming familiar with the issues affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered immigrants and refugees, with the agencies providing specialized services to these communities, and with the immigration options available to them;

    b) Providing training opportunities at conferences for settlement staff to begin to challenge attitudes which discriminate against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered refugees and immigrants;

    c) Developing internal policies that affirm the rights of individuals who are lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered immigrants and refugees;

    d) Applying inclusive hiring practices that encourage the employment of staff from these communities.

  2. Taking a proactive role in encouraging CCR member agencies to accept their responsibility to provide appropriate settlement services to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered immigrants and refugees by undertaking the same initiatives outlined above.
Res.: 14 , May 1998
  1. Article 28 of the 1951 Geneva Convention requires contracting states including Canada to issue travel documents to Convention Refugees;
  2. The present Canadian practice is normally not to issue travel documents to Convention Refugees until they have been granted permanent resident status;
  3. There are long periods between the recognition of refugee status and the issuance of landing status especially for those without identity documents;
  4. Even Convention Refugees who are landed are routinely denied travel documents and told instead to obtain passports from the very governments they have fled;
  5. Even after landing, there are prolonged periods of 3 months or more to finally obtain travel documents;
  6. Inability to travel outside of Canada to visit family relatives and/or facilitate family reunification causes tremendous difficulties for refugees;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Write to the Ministers of Justice, Foreign Affairs and Immigration requesting that they comply with Article 28 of the Refugee Convention by issuing travel documents, unconditionally and in an expedited manner, to Convention Refugees once they have been granted refugee status and not wait until they are landed.
  2. Call on the UNHCR to make a similar intervention with the Canadian government.
  3. Call on the Canadian government to stop asking Convention Refugees, be they landed or not, to obtain passports from their country of origin.
Res.: 2 , May 1998
  1. In many areas immigration policy affects men and women differently;
  2. There is no central coordination of gender analysis within the Immigration Department;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call on CIC to establish a gender policy advisor.

Res.: 7 , May 1998
  1. There are 3,000 Assyrian Christians who fled Iraq due to the war and persecution and are living temporarily in Jordan;
  2. There are 2,000 Assyrian Christians living temporarily in Turkish refugee camps;
  3. There have been many cases of further mistreatment in both Turkey and Jordan;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Write to the UNHCR and ask them to monitor the treatment of Christian Assyrians by the Jordanian and Turkish governments.
  2. Write to the Turkish and Jordanian authorities and ask that they protect refugees in their countries.
  3. Write to the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration and request that her department meet with the Assyrian Christian community and help them sponsor Assyrian refugees to Canada.
Res.: 12 , May 1998
  1. Bill C-40 contains provisions which amend the Immigration Act to deem some persons facing extradition to have received a decision of the Immigration and Refugee Board and to be found not to be a Convention Refugee even though no hearing of the Immigration and Refugee Board was actually held;
  2. These amendments to the Immigration Act deny refugee claimants their right to a hearing before the IRB and to make submissions to establish their claim to refugee status;
  3. International human rights have been involved in extraditions and expulsions by Canada and have been the object of views by the United Nations Human Rights Committee, for example, in the cases of Ng, Khan, and Cox;
  4. In the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Canada has accepted responsibility for measures necessary to ensure these international rights;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Call upon the Government of Canada to withdraw the proposed amendments and redraft them to ensure refugee claimants' rights to a fair hearing before the IRB are protected and to ensure that the Extradition Act and Immigration Act conform with Canada's international human rights treaty obligations and related international standards;
  2. Request the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration review the proposed amendments and accept submissions from the CCR and other interested parties.
Res.: 17 , May 1998
  1. In June of 1996, in response to the U.S. INS detention of Canada-bound refugee claimants and the subsequent processing of said claimants for deportation, the CCR passed a resolution urging CIC to cease turning refugee claimants back to the U.S.;
  2. INS detentions of Canada-bound refugee claimants have continued and, in fact, broadened in 1998 to include detentions in the Niagara Region, Blackpool and Minnesota;
  3. INS has continued to detain certain refugee claimants, even after such claimants have received Canadian eligibility determinations, thereby denying these claimants the opportunity to pursue their refugee claims in Canada;
  4. In an April 29, 1998 letter to the President of the CCR, the Acting Director General of the Enforcement Branch, CIC NHQ, stated, " is our policy that no person will be returned to the United States where there is reason to believe that they will be removed from the U.S. before the scheduled eligibility determination or would otherwise be unavailable because of detention. We are reviewing our procedures manual to ensure that this is clearly understood";
  5. Despite the above-cited policy, CIC in the Niagara Region has continued to direct refugee claimants back to the United States to await eligibility determinations, which has resulted in the detention of a troubling number of people;
  6. CIC's practice at certain border crossings of closing the border to refugee claimants on certain days of the week or at certain times of the year has also led to U.S. detentions of Canada-bound refugees awaiting Canadian processing;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR urge CIC to:

  1. Process refugee claimants immediately upon their arrival at the border, rather than closing the border to refugee claimants on certain days of the week or at certain times of the year.
  2. Discontinue the practice of directing refugee claimants back to the United States.
  3. In cases where Canada-bound refugee claimants have been detained by the INS, request that INS release such individuals to Canada to proceed with Canadian refugee claims.
Res.: 5 , May 1998
  1. The CCR adopted Resolution 3 in November 1997 concerning changes from AAP to RAP and has not received a satisfactory response;
  2. There has been no consultation about the changes to services with the organizations that deliver the services, let alone with the refugees receiving the services;
  3. CIC is committed to promoting through its services greater independence in government-assisted refugees;
  4. CIC is continuing to impose a quantitative approach (defining the numbers of hours of service to be delivered, and the period within which they are to be delivered);
  5. The changes appear to mean, at least in some regions, significant cutbacks in services for government-assisted refugees;
  6. In some areas the role of reception centres is being called into question, but without open discussion and consultation;
  7. Citizenship and Immigration Canada is developing national standards for services to arriving refugees, again without consultations;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Reaffirm its call for RAP services to be contracted on a "global" basis - both temporary accommodation and services -  while maintaining the financial contribution to existing reception centres at the 1997-98 level;
  2. Note that "independence" for resettled refugees is best achieved through timely, holistic, effective and appropriate services;
  3. Call on Citizenship and Immigration Canada i) to review the proposed RAP implementation and develop national standards, in consultation with NGOs delivering the services and with resettled refugees, and ii) to hold a national meeting for this consultation.
Res.: 3 , May 1998

There is a need to share information on services for refugee claimants and to explore how the work can be improved and better communication networks established across the country;

Therefore be it resolved:

That the Executive of the CCR give priority consideration to establishing an ad hoc joint committee (Settlement/Protection) to deal with the issues of services to refugee claimants.

Res.: 8 , May 1998
  1. Human rights violations in Guatemala have increased significantly since the April 1998 assassination of Bishop Juan Gerardi Conedera two days after he presented the report of the Interdiocesan Project to Recover the Historical Memory (REMHI) which named some of the perpetrators involved in torture, killings, massacres and disappearances;
  2. The REMHI report not only documents 55,021 cases of victims, holding the Guatemalan Army and paramilitary squads responsible for 85.4% of the crimes and the insurgency responsible for 9.3% of those crimes, but also exposes the way the repressive apparatus operates allowing powerful perpetrators of human rights violations to continue to act with impunity;
  3. Luis Yat, indigenous mayor of El Quiche was assassinated in front of his wife and children last May 6 and numerous members of indigenous, women's and human rights organizations continue to be threatened and intimidated;
  4. The Inter-American Human Rights Commission of the Organization of American States (OAS) requested the Guatemalan State to provide protective measures for 110 members of REMHI and workers at the Human Rights Office of the Catholic Archdiocese who are at risk;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR:

  1. Write to the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration and ask that the number of government-assisted refugees from Guatemala be increased and that she direct her department to take note of the worsening human rights situation in Guatemala when considering risk assessments, humanitarian and compassionate applications and deferring removals.
  2. Write to the government of Guatemala to demand that they protect the 110 members of REMHI and workers at the Human Rights Office of the Catholic Archdiocese.
  3. Write to the Minister of Foreign Affairs asking him to protest to the Guatemalan government at the murder of Bishop Juan Gerardi Conedera and to pressure the Guatemalan government to protect the REMHI members and Human Rights Office workers.
Res.: 18 , May 1998
  1. The scourge of torture continues throughout the world;
  2. There is an urgent need to raise public awareness in Canada about torture;
  3. The UN General Assembly has proclaimed June 26, 1998 as the International Day in support of Victims of Torture;
Therefore be it resolved:

That the CCR call upon the government of Canada to endorse the UN decision by declaring June 26 as the Canadian Day in support of survivors of torture.