Immigration and Settlement

Settlement Allocation Model

Resolution number: 
4
June 2005
Whereas: 

The Settlement Allocation Model has proven problematic with regards to smaller centres with high proportions of refugees, and centres receiving substantial secondary migration, and grossly inequitable for larger centres;

Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR:

  1. Communicate with CIC requesting that new funding for the settlement sector be allocated on the basis of the following principles:

    a)that small centres, particularly those with a high proportion of refugees to their total immigration, receive sufficient funding to maintain the capacity to meet the demand;b)centres experiencing substantial secondary migration arrivals need to receive sufficient funding to meet the resulting service demands;c)that the current 2-tiered (large region/small region) model be discontinued.

  2. Request an opportunity to hold consultations between CIC and the sector with regards to reforming/replacing the Settlement Allocation Model.

Refugee Assistance Program

Resolution number: 
3
June 2005
Whereas: 
  1. The Refugee Assistance Program (RAP) is responsible for the provision of settlement services and income support for refugees deemed in need of protection by the Government of Canada;
  2. The provision of these RAP services has been contracted to voluntary sector organizations;
  3. The budget for the RAP program has not been increased since 1998;
  4. The voluntary agencies across Canada have now reached a crisis point in their financial viability to be able to deliver services to government sponsored refugees;
  5. The recent budget announcement of an additional $298 million dollars for settlement service for the Department of Citizenship and Immigration provides not one cent in additional funding for RAP services for government sponsored refugees;
  6. Senior department officials have recognized the critical nature of the situation but have been unable to effect any significant change;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR urgently request a meeting between RAP agency representatives and the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration to consider the financial “melt down” facing the voluntary agencies delivering RAP services and the lack of adequate income support for RAP clients and ensure the allocation of sufficient funds to avert a crisis.

Provincial devolution

Resolution number: 
2
June 2005
Whereas: 
  1. CIC has devolved settlement responsibilities to some provinces and is in negotiations to do so with others;
  2. CIC has a responsibility to ensure comparable and accountable services to all immigrants and refugees across the country;
  3. BC has moved in policy and management directions quite distinct from CIC’s;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR work strategically to ensure that CIC exercises its responsibility in ensuring comparable and accountable services across the country, with particular reference to provinces where devolution agreements exist.

Disability

Resolution number: 
1
June 2005
Whereas: 
  1. The settlement service system is currently mandated to provide language training for certain classes of newcomers to Canada;
  2. Language training in the form of sign language training is not consistently provided across the country;
  3. Those who are hearing impaired also have a right to language training;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR communicate with CIC, Manitoba, BC and Québec requesting that they ensure that sign language training and services are available for all hearing impaired persons who qualify for language training.

Subject: 

Migrant and temporary workers

Resolution number: 
6
November 2005
Whereas: 
  1. The Canadian government denies seasonal agricultural workers and foreign temporary workers the right to apply for permanent residence status through these programs;
  2. This right is available through the live-in caregiver program;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR demand:

  1. Access to secure permanent resident status for these workers and their families.
  2. Improved working and housing conditions for these workers.
  3. That provincial governments enforce the rights guaranteed to migrant workers under provincial employment and human right laws, rather than abdicating this responsibility to foreign governments.
Subject: 

The right to access to safe, secure and affordable housing

Resolution number: 
5
November 2005
Whereas: 
  1. Safe, secure and affordable housing is a resource that plays a critical role in determining overall health and well-being and provides a base from which immigrants and refugees can seek employment, re-establish family relationships and make connections with the wider community;
  2. Immigrants and refugees are facing absolute and hidden homelessness problems in Canada;
  3. UNHCR Reception and Integration Handbook, ch. 2.8 (A Place to Call Home) outlines guidelines;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR:

  1. Write to all levels of government responsible for housing and immigration settlement to allocate more resources for affordable housing and to review the provision of adequate income and social assistance levels to facilitate access to safe, secure and affordable housing.
  2. Promote the best service guidelines in the area of housing developed by the UNHCR, ensuring that governments and service providers commit to the housing guidelines, and provide the support and resources needed to enable those guidelines to be maintained.
Subject: 

New RAP Financial Stream

Resolution number: 
3
November 2005
Whereas: 
  1. The current Resettlement Assistance Program provides 1 year financial support to regular Government Assisted Refugees (GARs) and 2 years support for refugees under Joint Assistance Sponsorship;
  2. A significant percentage of refugees arriving under the regular GAR stream are special needs cases;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR call upon CIC and the Québec government to establish a new GAR stream that would provide 2 year financial support to regular GARs with longer-term integration issues: medical problems, single mothers, those with little or no education. The other 2 streams would remain as is.

Poverty circumstances of Government-Assisted Refugees

Resolution number: 
2
November 2005
Whereas: 

Transportation loans and welfare levels of refugee support of government-assisted refugees under the Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) force them into poverty;

Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR urge the federal and Québec governments to raise the RAP rates to at least the low income cut-off (LICO) rate to bring the government-assisted refugees out of poverty.

Youth Inclusion

Resolution number: 
1
November 2006
Whereas: 

The CCR recognizes the value of the participation and perspective of youth.

 

Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR:

  1. Support the development of the CCR Youth Network and increasing meaningful youth engagement and leadership within the CCR.
  2. Add youth to the list of factors to be taken into account by the members of the CCR in the election of Executive Committee members.
Subject: 

Blue Ribbon Report

Resolution number: 
5
May 2007
Whereas: 
  1. Treasury Board of Canada released a Blue Ribbon Report in February 2007 recommending fundamental change and simplified administration of funding, contracts and contribution agreements;
  2. The settlement service sector has ongoing difficulties with CIC and other federal government departments on their funding practices and monitoring of contracts and contribution agreements;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR urge the Treasury Board of Canada to:

  1. Direct CIC to adhere to the Blue Ribbon Report recommendations and to be the first tier of government departments to implement recommended changes;
  2. Ensure that the recommended changes are implemented in all government departments.

Educational standards

Resolution number: 
4
May 2007
Whereas: 
  1. There are no minimum standards or process to address the educational gaps of refugee children and youth;
  2. Education standards vary from one school division/district and from one province to another;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR advocate for:

1. An education policy/strategy to address the gaps for refugee children and youth;

  • A compulsory course in cross-cultural education for teachers in consultation with the CCR and service providers;
  • Adequate funding for educating children and youth who have interrupted schooling.
Subject: 

Racism and xenophobia

Resolution number: 
3
May 2007
Whereas: 
  1. Racism and xenophobia, especially as directed towards immigrants and refugees, is alive and well in Canada;
  2. This is manifested through legislation, policy and practice and has a brutal and lasting impact on immigrants and refugees;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR:

  1. Ask the government to report periodically on how it is countering racism and xenophobia with specific attention to the impact on immigrants and refugees;
  2. Ask the government of Canada to establish an independent review body to review, with respect to racism and xenophobia, programs and policies that have a bearing on refugees and immigrants;
  3. Ask the federal and provincial governments to implement mandatory anti-racism training for all their employees.
Subject: 

Sibling sponsorship of parents/grandparents and other members of the Family Class

Resolution number: 
2
May 2007
Whereas: 
  1. IRPA and the Québec immigration regulations currently prohibit siblings from combining their income in order to sponsor their parents or grandparents and other members of the Family Class;
  2. This arbitrarily keeps families apart;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR request a change in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations, as well as the Québec Regulation respecting the Selection of Foreign Nationals to allow the combining of siblings’ income to meet the qualifying income level to sponsor parents or grandparents and other members of the Family Class.

Death of Mr Dziekanski

Resolution number: 
5
November 2007
Whereas: 
  1. The death of Mr. Dziekanski, a Polish immigrant in Canada on October 14, 2007 at Vancouver International Airport after being hit by an RCMP taser has shocked many Canadians and has damaged Canada’s reputation globally as a civil and human right pioneer;
  2. At least 17 people have so far died in Canada following the use of tasers by police;
  3. The use of taser guns and other electric-shock devices is subject to abuse and these weapons have the capacity to inflict multiple and prolonged shocks;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR write to the appropriate authorities, protesting against the death of Mr. Dziekanski and call for the following measures:

  1. Systemic and ongoing education and training for police and other enforcement officers on human rights, non-discrimination and against torture and other inhuman, degrading treatment or punishment;
  2. Improved services at all points of entry and immediate changes in the way officials deal with international travellers so that they feel welcomed and protected and feel safe.

Right to permanent residence for migrant workers

Resolution number: 
4
November 2007
Whereas: 
  1. Emphasis on temporary rather than permanent migration creates a class of vulnerable and disposable workers;
  2. Canada’s immigration program should be revised to ensure that those who are able and willing to fill labour market needs can qualify as immigrants;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR demand that all those with temporary work permits, in all the different classes, have the right to apply for permanent resident status at the same time as they apply for the work permit, and should have the right to bring family members as is currently being done in Ontario for the Provincial Nominee Program.

Anti-oppression analytical framework

Resolution number: 
3
November 2007
Whereas: 
  1. CIC has developed and implemented a gender-based tool to identify differential impacts of policies, programs and services;
  2. IRB has developed and implemented guidelines on gender-related persecution;
  3. Gender is only one among many factors of oppression that have a differential impact on refugees and immigrants;
  4. CCR believes in and promotes a full, comprehensive and integrated anti-oppression framework of analysis that includes race, gender (including gender identity and expression), class, ability, sexuality (including sexual orientation), ethnicity, religion, age, nationality and immigration status;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR:

  1. Urge CIC and the IRB to work with CCR to:

    1. expand their existing gender-based tools and guidelines to a full, comprehensive and integrated anti-oppression framework of analysis and apply it to policies, programs and services;
    2. Conduct training for their staff;
  2. Urge CIC and IRB to report periodically on the use of the tool, guidelines and training programs.
Subject: 

Temporary Foreign Workers

Resolution number: 
4
May 2008
Whereas: 
  1. The Temporary Foreign Worker program has greatly expanded;
  2. There have been numerous incidents of worker abuse and exploitation;
  3. When spouses and children accompany Temporary Foreign Workers, there are very limited options for them;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR request CIC:

  1. To stop restricting Temporary Foreign Workers to specific named employers, giving them the same rights to labour mobility as other Canadian workers;
  2. Issue work permits to accompanying spouses and children of Temporary Foreign Workers.
Subject: 

Children’s ID and Dates of Birth

Resolution number: 
3
May 2008
Whereas: 
  1. Children’s entitlement to education, protective services, and other supports is determined by age;
  2. Dates of birth on CIC issued documentation are frequently erroneous;
  3. The process for changing such information is cumbersome, onerous, and lengthy, taking time that child do not have;
  4. There are few security implications for altering birth dates for minors;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR request CIC to review the process for changing data on ID documents, with a view to making the process much faster and less difficult for children.

Subject: 

Canadian Experience Class

Resolution number: 
2
May 2008
Whereas: 
  1. CIC is considering implementing a new “Canadian Experience” Class;
  2. CIC has indicated that this proposed new class will be restricted to highly skilled workers;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR:

  1. Express to CIC that this class be open to all applicants regardless of skill level.
  2. Express to the Quebec government that it should to give temporary foreign workers access to permanent residence class without regard to skill levels.
  3. Formally adopt the position paper prepared for the consultation with CIC on the proposed class as its formal position on the class.
Subject: 

Best practices for service delivery to trafficked persons

Resolution number: 
1
November 2008
Whereas: 
  1. Canada is a party to the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons;
  1. The Protocol includes assistance to and protection of trafficked persons;
  1. The federal government has a responsibility for immigration and settlement;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR urge the government of Canada to initiate a national strategy for the coordination and implementation of best practices in services to persons trafficked into and within Canada, including all federally funded settlement services.

Resolution also approved by Inland Protection

Subject: 

Temporary Foreign Workers and Welcoming Communities Initiative

Resolution number: 
3
December 2009
Whereas: 
  1. The federal Temporary Foreign Workers Program frustrates the attempts of communities to attract and retain population permanently, and contradicts the goals of CIC’s Welcoming Communities Initiative and similar initiatives of other jurisdictions;
  2. The goals of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act promote immigration to build the future of Canada;
  3. The CCR supports access to permanent residency for temporary workers;
  4. Many concerns have been raised about lack of equitable access for temporary workers to permanent residency through the underutilized Canadian Experience Class;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That CCR advocate for the federal Temporary Foreign Workers Program to be brought into alignment with the Welcoming Communities Initiative’s and similar initiatives of other jurisdictions goals of cohesiveness, social inclusiveness and retention of population permanently.

Subject: 

Migration Curriculum

Resolution number: 
2
December 2009
Whereas: 
  1. Provincial Ministries of Education have existing commitments to address stereotypes through anti-bullying and anti-racism principles of awareness, empathy, engagement, cultural sensitivity and empowerment;
  2. Extensive efforts have been made to develop curriculum modifications to address the needs of newcomer students;
  3. Schools are central to inculcating citizenship values among all Canadian youth;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR promote the expansion of core curriculum strategies and resources for the entire student population to address the lived experiences and continuing realities of immigrants and refugees in our modern multicultural Canadian society through collaborative engagement between provincial ministries of education, settlement agencies and other relevant partners and stakeholders.

Subject: 

Equitable Enforcement

Resolution number: 
4
November 2010
Whereas: 
  1. Temporary Foreign Workers are vulnerable to exploitation and abuse with numerous documented cases;
  2. Their vulnerability is increased by contraventions of IRPA committed by employers and recruiters;
  3. There are limited or no resources for mandatory monitoring and enforcement;
  4. When there is no system of enforcement, Temporary Foreign Workers are the ones penalized, resulting in further victimization;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR:

  1. Advocate for provincial governments to protect Temporary Foreign Workers’ rights through workplace audits and enforcement of appropriate legislation, including criminal, against employers and recruiters.
  2. Advocate that the federal government:
  1. Prosecute recruiters and employers who contravene IRPA.
  2. Put in place a mechanism and systems to protect rather than penalize Temporary Foreign Workers who have contravened IRPA as a result of victimization by recruiters and employers;
  3. Enter into international agreements whereby Canada and the source countries of Temporary Foreign Workers agree to prohibit the charging to the workers of recruitment and placement fees.
Subject: 

Mandatory Monitoring System on Temporary Foreign Workers

Resolution number: 
3
November 2010
Whereas: 
  1. The monitoring system implemented by CIC as part of recent changes to the Temporary Foreign Workers Program is voluntary and therefore ineffective;
  2. Abuses of Temporary Foreign Workers by employers are widespread and have been well documented;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR advocate that the federal government enforce a mandatory monitoring system for the employers of Temporary Foreign Workers.

Subject: 

No to the changes on timelines in Temporary Foreign Workers Program

Resolution number: 
2
November 2010
Whereas: 
  1. Changes to the Temporary Foreign Workers Program to be implemented in April 2011 will impose a four year limit on the stay of Temporary Foreign Workers and a four year delay before they are able to participate again in the program;
  2. This will increase the undocumented workforce and thus increase the vulnerability of workers;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR oppose the limit on duration of Temporary Foreign Workers’ stay and the imposed time period to re-apply for the program.

Subject: 

Francophone Immigration outside of Quebec

Resolution number: 
1
November 2010
Whereas: 
  1. Canada has given itself a “Strategic Framework to Foster Immigration to Francophone Minority Communities” for francophone immigration outside of Québec. The strategy was crafted by the federal and provincial governments, at the request and with the participation of francophone communities outside of Québec;
  2. Canada's current activities of recruitment of francophone immigrants abroad are mostly targeted at francophone countries in Europe, to the detriment of francophone countries in other regions of the world;
  3. Francophone immigrants, most of them belonging to racialized communities, face differential treatment and experience poor outcomes in the Canadian labour market and other areas of Canadian life;
  4. Yearly target levels for francophone immigration outside of Québec continue to be below the levels needed to ensure the demographic viability of francophone communities outside of Québec;
  5. Refugee and immigrant serving organizations outside of Québec have a key role to play in supporting francophone immigrants’ settlement and integration, even if they do not provide services in French;
Therefore be it resolved: 

That the CCR:

  1. Engage with the federal and provincial governments as appropriate to ensure:
    1. Fair, culturally adapted recruitment practices in francophone countries outside of Europe;
    2. An increase in yearly target levels for francophone immigration so the demographic goals of Canada’s strategy for francophone immigration are met;
    3. That the implementation of Canada’s strategic framework for francophone immigration outside of Québec seeks concrete results of fair and equitable integration of francophone newcomers.
  2. Offer its member organizations tools and opportunities to be sensitized to and understand the specific challenges facing francophone immigrants outside of Québec.

Sub-Saharan African visa posts

Resolution number: 
2
May 2011
Whereas: 
  1. The international community issued a call for action following the World Conference Against Racism (WCAR) held in 2001 in Durban, South Africa and the Government of Canada presented Canada’s Action Plan Against Racism in 2005;
  2. Examples of concerns include significant delays in the processing of cases in Sub Saharan African countries. Applicants face some of the longest waiting times and one of the highest rate of refusals, and the total quota of refugees accepted from the region is far lower than the extent of need identified by the UNHCR and NGOs. The recent announcement of a quota system for Quebec will reduce only the number of arrivals from Africa;
  3. This is clear evidence of systemic racism experienced by individuals of African origin across all categories of refugee protection and immigration.
Therefore be it resolved: 

that the CCR call on the government of Canada to take specific steps to address systemic racism evident in policy and practice in refugee protection and processing of immigration files of Sub-Saharan Africans, and reiterate the request made to the Government of Canada in resolution 7 of May 2007 and Resolution 1 of June 2010 (page 21).

Conditional Permanent Residence

Resolution number: 
1
May 2011
Whereas: 
  1. The government of Canada is proposing to introduce a specified period of conditional permanent residence for some sponsored spouses and partners;
  2. Making permanent residence for the sponsored partner conditional puts all the power into the hands of sponsor, who may use the precarity of the partner’s status as a tool for manipulation;
  3. The proposed conditional permanent residency would represent a major step backwards in Canadian immigration policy, increase inequalities in relationships between spouses, and put women in particular at heightened risk of violence and exploitation;
Therefore be it resolved: 

that the CCR oppose conditional permanent residence for sponsored spouses and partners.

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