Criminality and Double Punishment
- Some people commit crimes in Canada. Those who are citizens have one punishment. Those who are permanent residents or protected persons face additional punishments, including:
- criminal inadmissibility (with or without a right of appeal);
- loss of permanent resident status and deportation;
- prohibition on applying for citizenship for a certain period of time.
- People who arrived in Canada as minors, people from racialized communities, and persons living with mental health issues, and who never obtained citizenship, are disproportionately affected by this differential treatment, and may face deportation despite having lived in Canada for most of their lives;
- Discretionary relief on humanitarian and compassionate grounds, while important, is not an adequate remedy;
that the CCR take the position that criminal inadmissibility should not apply to permanent residents and protected persons in Canada who have lived in Canada for at least three of the past five years.