Barriers to permanent residence
5 May 2020
The Right Hon. Justin Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Office of the Prime Minister
80 Wellington Street
Ottawa, ON K1A 0A2
Call to ensure adequate support: Precarious status migrants should not be left behind
Dear Prime Minister,
Reducing fairness for refugees and permanent residents
Bill C-43 contains a number of provisions of concern to the CCR because they will lead to less fairness, do not honour Canada’s international legal obligations and deny some people the right to appear before an independent decision-maker.
Less fairness for people inadmissible on grounds of security, human or international rights violations or organized criminality
These inadmissibility sections are extremely broad and catch people who have committed no crime and represent no danger to safety or security. Among those affected are people who are inadmissible simply because they worked against undemocratic or brutal regimes.
Bill C-43 would deprive such people of fair consideration of their situation, by:
- Limiting the scope of the exemption from inadmissibility (known as ministerial relief) to national security and public safety considerations.
- Denying access to humanitarian and compassionate (H&C) considerations
- Imposing mandatory conditions when released from detention.
These changes are inconsistent with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and Canada’s international legal obligations:
- The limiting of ministerial relief will prevent some refugees from making a refugee claim, leading to Canada returning them to face persecution, in violation of our international legal obligations under the Refugee Convention.
- The proposed new wording for ministerial relief will prevent the Minister from considering whether Charter rights would be violated if a person was denied ministerial relief. The Supreme Court has already said that Charter rights must be considered.
- Elimination of access to H&C will prevent consideration of the best interests of any affected child, contrary to Canada’s obligations under the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Less fairness for permanent residents facing loss of status because of serious criminality
Bill C-43 denies permanent residents the right of appeal to the Immigration and Refugee Board if they are sentenced to imprisonment for six months or more (currently it is 2 years). This means that these permanent residents will be removed without an independent decision-maker considering all the relevant circumstances of the case, which might include:
- The fact that they came to Canada as a child and have lived effectively all their life in this country. They may have no family or connections in the country of their birth, and not even speak the language.
- They are suffering from mental health problems, which contributed to the commission of the crime.
For details on these and other concerns, see the CCR submission.
Bill C-43 contains a number of provisions of concern to the CCR because they will lead to less fairness, do not honour Canada’s legal obligations and deny some people the right to appear before an independent decision-maker.
The CCR has called for the withdrawal of Bill C-31 because it provides for an unworkable process that will fail to respect the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and international obligations and will fail to give protection to refugees. What is more, it will be harmful to the successful settlement of refugees in Canada.
In keeping with Canada's history of welcoming, respecting and enabling newcomers to thrive, the CCR's Year in Review looks at the progress Canada has made in 2011 and reflects on where we failed to advance.
In March 2011, the federal government published in the Canada Gazette a proposal to introduce a conditional permanent residence period of two years or more for sponsored spouses and partners who have been in a relationship of two years or less with their sponsors. According to the proposal, if the sponsored spouse or partner does not remain in a bona fide relationship with their sponsor during the conditional period, their permanent residence could be revoked, and they would be deported. 1 page, 2011.