Canada’s refugee determination system has been the subject of recent public commentary, much of it focusing on “abuse” and alleged problems in the system.

The realities of refugees in the system have received less attention.

Refugee determination is complex and challenging.  It is not easy to decide who needs protection and who does not. 

For refugees, however, there is a simple but compelling need for protection from persecution.  For Canadians, too, there is at heart a simple challenge: will we ensure that refugees are not sent back to face persecution?

What follows are some answers to current questions and concerns about the system, as well as information about a few of the individuals in the system.