Unprotected Work, Invisible Exploitation: Trafficking for the Purpose of Domestic Servitude

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Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
The paper, Unprotected Work, Invisible Exploitation: Trafficking for the Purpose of Domestic Servitude, is based on desk research, field work and case study analyses in order to shed light on one of the most invisible forms of modern-day slavery, and provides a policy tool for decision makers and practitioners dealing with trafficking in human beings in terms of prevention, prosecution and protection of trafficked persons' rights, including assistance and support. The publication also benefits from the expertise of specialized NGOs. Furthermore, it is enriched by the valuable contributions and direct experience of policymakers and public officials (including law enforcement, prosecutors, judges, diplomats), as well as trade unions, international organizations and academics who participated in the Alliance against Trafficking in Persons conference on 17-18 June 2010. The paper's first chapter, "Trafficking in Human Beings for Domestic Servitude in the OSCE Region: Analysis and Challenges", explains the phenomenon of trafficking for domestic servitude in the OSCE region through the use of specific case studies and illustrates the diversity of situations and workers' experiences in this area. It seeks to identify the structural features that may make domestic workers particularly vulnerable to exploitation. The Paper also provides an overview of the applicable international legal standards as well as the legal approaches to prosecuting traffickers, using analyses of legal cases. The paper concludes by issuing 30 "Key Recommendations for Action to Tackle Trafficking in Human Beings for Domestic Servitude". The recommendations are structured into four main areas of action: Prevention, Protection, Prosecution, and specific recommendations concerning the Diplomatic Corps. All the recommendations are based on a victim-centred and human rights approach.