Browse through trafficking resources

View the resources in a summary format by clicking here.

Proposal for Legislative Amendment to Protect Trafficked Persons

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Canadian Council for Refugees (CCR)
Date: 
2007
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Also available in: 
French

Turning Outrage into Action to Address Trafficking for the Purpose of Sexual Exploitation in Canada

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Standing Committee on the Status of Women, House of Commons, Canada
Date: 
2007
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
The Committee finds the “three Ps” framework useful for discussing the issues, and for that reason has adopted that framework as a structure for its report, which will contain the following chapters, chapter 1 being this introduction:
Also available in: 
French

Strategic action plan for the protection of victims of child trafficking in Quebec (Part I) - Research report

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
International Bureau for Children's Rights (IBCR)
Date: 
2007
Category: 
Services
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
This study on child trafficking is the first to address the situation in Quebec and to identify the needs of its victims. Furthermore, a multidisciplinary committee of experts was formed to assist the research team and to periodically assess the work that has been done. This committee forms a link with people and groups concerned with different aspects of child trafficking in Quebec, and it provides viable support by guiding the project through subsequent steps and making sure the information that is collected is relevant.
Also available in: 
French

Proposal for Legislative Amendment to Protect Trafficked Persons - FAQ

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Canadian Council for Refugees (CCR)
Date: 
2007
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Four-page booklet answering common questions about the Proposal for Legislative Amendment.
Also available in: 
French
AttachmentSize
PDF icon ccrproposalfaq.pdf288.1 KB

Protecting Trafficked Persons in Canada (pamphlet)

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Canadian Council for Refugees (CCR)
Date: 
2007
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Explains trafficking, Canadian anti-trafficking measures, and why they need to be changed to protect the rights of trafficked persons in Canada, 2 pages. If you would like to order this resource, please use the Publications Order Form.
AttachmentSize
PDF icon traitedepliant07en.pdf419.75 KB
PDF icon traitedepliant07fr.pdf459 KB

Transitional Housing Toolkit for Anti-Trafficking Service Providers

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Project Hope International aka Prevent Human Trafficking
Date: 
2006
Category: 
Services
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
This toolkit is a product of Project Hope International’s longstanding commitment to meet the prevailing need of housing for trafficked persons. It is designed for Service Providing Organizations (SPOs) in the Washington DC area, encompassing the District of Columbia, Northern Virginia and Suburban Maryland that seek to create transitional housing units (THU). For the purpose of this toolkit, THUs are defined as housing units that provide the option of long term stay.

Trafficking in Women and Children

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Law Society of Upper Canada
Date: 
2006
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
List of online resources with links Additional related resource: Webcast - http://elfie.lsuc.on.ca:8080/ramgen/events/int_women_day_2006.rm

Training materials for a Global Alliance against Forced Labour

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
International Labour Organization (ILO)
Date: 
2006
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
These training materials have been designed to provide training tools on the subject of forced labour. They constitute a tool box from which selections can be made to suit the training need. This tool can be used in a wide variety of training contexts, involving persons with government, employer, or worker organisation backgounds, or mixed audiences. It can be used to focus on just one type of forced labour problem, or forced labour in a particular region of the world.

Reference Guide on Protecting the Rights of Child Victims of Trafficking in Europe

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
UNICEF
Date: 
2006
Category: 
Services
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
In essence, the Guide can be viewed as a tool that provides: • a deeper understanding of the business of trafficking • a checklist of what to do when dealing with child victims of trafficking • recommendations for interventions that respect and account for the special rights and needs of child victims of trafficking. The UNICEF Regional Office for Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CEE/CIS) is pleased to present the Reference Guide on Protecting the Rights of Child Victims of Trafficking in Europe, a new tool designed specifically for use by those working to protect children victims of trafficking within the European region. Human trafficking is not a new phenomenon nor is it one that occurs only in select countries or regions. Yet, one of the most significant conclusions derived from years of research and information-gathering on trafficking is that in order to prevent trafficking and protect the rights of those most vulnerable – children – one must understand trafficking in the context of the unique socio-cultural-political realities that influence its practice in countries and communities worldwide. To that extent, this Guide addresses the protection of the rights of child victims of trafficking in the European region. Furthermore, the Guide is exceptional in that it has been designed for utilization by a broad range of child rights advocates – whether one is a child protection worker in Ukraine, a social worker in Russia, a border patrol officer in Albania, a driver in Moldova or a parliamentarian in Brussels.

Sex Slaves aka Sex Slave$

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Bienstock, Ric Esther / Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) et al.
Date: 
2005
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
88 mins - available for sale from PBS - Summary: An estimated half million women are trafficked annually for the purpose of sexual slavery. They are "exported" to over 50 countries including Britain, Italy, Japan, Germany, Israel, Turkey, China, Kosovo, Canada and the United States. Misunderstood and widely tolerated, sex trafficking has become a multi- billion dollar underground industry. According to the International Herald Tribune, human trafficking is the fastest growing form of organized crime in Eastern Europe. Kidnapped and/or lured by those who prey on their dreams, their poverty, and their naiveté, Eastern European women are trafficked to foreign lands -- often with falsified visas -- where they become modern day sex slaves. Upon arrival, they are sold to pimps, drugged, terrorized, caged in brothels and raped repeatedly. For these women and young girls, there is no life, no liberty and no chance for a happy and meaningful future. Sex Slaves takes us to “ground zero” of the sex trade - Moldova and Ukraine - where traffickers effortlessly find vulnerable women desperate to go abroad and earn some money. The film focuses on the remarkable story of Viorel, a Ukrainian man on a mission to find his pregnant, trafficked wife in Turkey. Our hidden cameras follow Viorel as he travels to Turkey; his only lead the telephone number of the pimp who, he believes, has Katia in his possession. To secure his wife’s release, after days of desperate efforts, Viorel poses as a trafficker and sets out to buy his wife back. We follow Viorel to his meeting with Katia’s captor and from there into the world of trafficked women. Interwoven with Viorel’s story, we meet other victims, traffickers and the families that have been torn apart by the trade in human flesh. Sex Slaves is the first film to have a convicted trafficker talk openly about how trafficking works, and how women are coerced into sexual slavery. With hidden cameras, we watch as traffickers move people across borders with impunity and expose how easy it is to purchase a modern day sex slave. Sex Slaves also takes us to England and Canada where we find victims who tell harrowing tales of being repeatedly sold from country to country. Hiding her identity to protect her life, “Natasha” shares her heart wrenching story of being bought and sold from Romania to Italy and on to Germany and Belgium. Her final stop was Britain where she was put to work in a north London sauna. “Natasha” was finally freed from her nightmare in a police raid, a year after her abduction. For her part, “Eva” thought she was getting a job as a nanny in Toronto until her handlers took her from the airport to a strip club and forced her to work off her “debt”, i.e., her purchase price, before she could be set free. Sex Slaves explores the global trafficking problem through personal stories and unfettered access to traffickers and the people they use as human chattel. The documentary captures both the investigative story and the human story behind the headlines. From the villages of Moldova and Ukraine, to underground brothels and discotheques, we witness firsthand the brutal world of white sex slavery.

Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Council of Europe
Date: 
2005
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
The Council of Europe considered that it was necessary to draft a legally binding instrument which goes beyond recommendations or specific actions. While other international instruments already exist in this field, the Council of Europe Convention, the first European treaty in this field, is a comprehensive treaty focussing mainly on the protection of victims of trafficking and the safeguard of their rights. It also aims to prevent trafficking and to prosecute traffickers. In addition, the Convention provides for the setting up of an effective and independent monitoring mechanism capable of controlling the implementation of the obligations contained in the Convention. The Convention is not restricted to Council of Europe members states; non-members states and the European Union also have the possibility of becoming Party to the Convention.

Manual for Medical Officers: Dealing with Child Victims of Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
UNICEF
Date: 
2005
Category: 
Services
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
WHAT: A comprehensive guide to conducting medical examinations, particularly age determination tests, in medico-legal cases of child victims of trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation. Includes sample forms for age estimation, and examination reports for sexual exploitation in India. WHO: Social, community and residential workers who are involved in child protection and who may have to refer a child who has experienced physical or sexual abuse, for a medical examination. WHERE: While this manual was created for medical officers across India, the experiences and guidance shared is globally relevant. Adaptation to local context will be required. WHY: Provides detailed information on the way in which a medical on a child or young person should be conducted, and how evidence should be collected and recorded. Knowledge of good practice in this area can empower care related workers to ensure children are not further traumatized and enable potential prosecution of perpetrators.

Protocol for Identification and Assistance to Trafficked Persons and Training Kit

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Anti-Slavery International
Date: 
2005
Category: 
Services
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
WHAT is this? This is a manual on identification of trafficked people in practice. It aims to provide basic information to those most likely to encounter trafficked persons and help to make the difficult task of identification easier. WHO is the manual for? The manual was created in co-operation with and for practitioners. Those who come into contact with trafficked person in their everyday work should use it: front-line police and immigration officers, detention centre workers and service providers.

The Mental Health Aspects of Trafficking in Human Beings: a Set of Minimum Standards

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Date: 
2004
Category: 
Services
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
These Minimum Standards aim to provide a guiding tool for all types of organizations who are already acting or are intending to develop programs in the field of combating trafficking. Furthermore, the standards aim to help the implementation of comprehensive and coordinated psychosocial care of trafficked persons from the time of their rescue to throughout their reintegration process.

Organized Crime and Human Trafficking in Canada: Tracing Perceptions and Discourses

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Bruckert, Christine & Colette Parent
Date: 
2004
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
In short the interviews speak to the need to revisit the dominant discourse. Reactive strategies of repression not only fail to address the root causes of irregular migration but also obscure the labour exploitation of irregular migrants in consumerist host countries. Moreover although human smuggling is indisputably consistent with the Canadian Criminal Code definition of organized crime to the extent that it is an illicit activity that requires the cooperation of more than three persons in, or outside of, Canada. It is less clear that the organized crime model provides a useful conceptual framework for analysing smuggling practices. Among other things, this immediately positions the activities within a broader discourse of alien conspiracy and hierarchically structured gangs. In addition conceptualizing irregular migration as a criminal justice problem obscures not only the political, social and economic context out of which the trade emerges but also renders the complicity of ‘reputable’ non-criminalized employers and consumers in receiving countries outside of the discourse. It also leaves little room for addressing the needs of illegal migrants.
Also available in: 
French

Child Trafficking in Canada: Preliminary Evaluation

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
International Bureau for Children's Rights (IBCR)
Date: 
2004
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
This assessment aims to gather the preliminary information and establish contact with the appropriate governmental agencies and to locate the various relevant institutions and non-governmental organizations. It also aims to provide a clear picture of the potential players in the fight against human trafficking in Canada by focussing on the experts who would be able to help in the development and possible implementation of policies against child trafficking in Canada. This assessment will also begin the information and data collection process regarding the nature and main trends in child trafficking as an organized crime in Canada and thus establish a foundation of research for a more in-depth multidisciplinary study on child trafficking in Canada.
Also available in: 
French

Trading Women

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Feingold, David
Date: 
2003
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
Trading Women enters the worlds of brothel owners, trafficked girls, voluntary sex workers, corrupt police and anxious politicians. Filmed in Burma, China, Laos, and Thailand, this is the first film to follow the trade in women in all its complexity and to consider the impact of this 'far away' problem on the gobal community. Narrated by Oscar-winning actress Angelina Jolie, the documentary investigates the trade in minority girls and women from the hill tribes of Burma, Laos and China, into the Thai sex industry. Filmed on location in China, Thailand and Burma, Trading Women follows the trade of women in all its complexity, entering the worlds of brothel owners, trafficked girls, voluntary sex-workers, corrupt police and anxious politicians. The film also explores the international community's response to the issue. The culmination of five years of field research, Trading Women is the first film to demonstrate to viewers the relationship of the trade in drugs to the trade of women. The film dispels common beliefs about the sex trade, such as: "The problem is the parents - it's part of their culture to sell their daughters;" "The sex trade exists because of Western sex tours;" and "They sell their girls for TV's."

Lilja 4-ever

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Memfis Films
Date: 
2002
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
1:43:19 Lilja is 16 years old. Her only friend is the young boy Volodja. They live in a poor village in Estonia, fantasizing about a better life. One day, Lilja falls in love with Andrej. He is going to Sweden, and invites Lilja to come along and start a new life.

Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking, especially women and children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against transnational organized crime

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Date: 
2000
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
International instrument that defines and criminalizes human trafficking -The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, was adopted by General Assembly resolution 55/25. It entered into force on 25 December 2003. It is the first global legally binding instrument with an agreed definition on trafficking in persons. The intention behind this definition is to facilitate convergence in national approaches with regard to the establishment of domestic criminal offences that would support efficient international cooperation in investigating and prosecuting trafficking in persons cases. An additional objective of the Protocol is to protect and assist the victims of trafficking in persons with full respect for their human rights.
Also available in: 
French

Trafficking in women, including Thai migrant sex workers, in Canada

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Toronto Network against Trafficking in Women; Multicultural History Society of Ontario; Metro Toronto Chinese and Southeast Asian Legal Clinic
Date: 
2000
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Alternate link: http://www.mhso.ca/mhso/trafficking_women.html Twenty-three Thai and Malaysian women were arrested on September 10, 1997, by Canadian law enforcement officers operating under the code name Project Orphan, on charges related to "trafficking and prostitution". Subsequent to those arrests, raids of several Asian massage parlours were conducted in the greater Toronto area. Again, in December 1998, a second mass raid of massage parlours took place, coded Project Trade. In this operation, sixty-eight people were arrested on charges related to prostitution. Early on, shortly after the 1997 raids, the Toronto Network Against Trafficking in Women (TNTW), an ad hoc community-based organization, began to work closely with several of the arrested women. The TNTW dealt extensively with police and government officials, the judiciary, legal counsel, social service agencies, advocacy groups, and the press. TNTW has been assisting over 25 women, all of whom are Thai nationals and over the age of 18. Canadian law enforcement officials publicly announced that these Asian massage parlour raids were conducted to save Asian women from "traffickers". Despite this rescue mission, the women were left in jeopardy with no assistance from state authorities. They were treated as criminal offenders and illegal migrants. This inconsistency of the state has created a question in the minds of many women's rights advocates and service providers: if the women were victims of trafficking, why were their rights not protected and guaranteed? 79 pages.

Human Rights Standards for the Treatment of Trafficked Persons

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women
Date: 
1999
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
These Standards are drawn from international human rights instruments and formally-recognized international legal norms. They aim to protect and promote respect for the human rights of individuals who have been victims of trafficking, including those who have been subjected to involuntary servitude, forced labour and/or slavery-like practices. The Standards protect the rights of trafficked persons by providing them with an effective legal remedy, legal protection, non-discriminatory treatment, and restitution, compensation and rehabilitation.

Human Rights Standards for the Treatment of Trafficked Persons

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women
Date: 
1999
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
These Standards are drawn from international human rights instruments and formally-recognized international legal norms. They aim to protect and promote respect for the human rights of individuals who have been victims of trafficking, including those who have been subjected to involuntary servitude, forced labour and/or slavery-like practices. The Standards protect the rights of trafficked persons by providing them with an effective legal remedy, legal protection, non-discriminatory treatment, and restitution, compensation and rehabilitation.

21 Things You Can Do Today to End Sex Trafficking

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Resist Exploitation Embrace Dignity (REED)
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian

Open Your Eyes to Sexual Exploitation

Printer-friendly version
Source: 
Canadian Red Cross
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Awareness and contact information for young people at risk of sexual exploitation - part of RespectED

Pages