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Sex Trafficking of Women to Canada: Results from a Qualitative Metasynthesis of Empirical Research

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Source: 
Timoshkina, Natalya & Lynn McDonald
Date: 
2011
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
*numerous interesting findings *recommendations, including those about policy and services: •Ensure adequate training for law enforcement and immigration officers on identification of, and competent responses to, cases of sex trafficking. •Create a new immigration category for trafficked persons (similar to T-1 Visa in the U.S.) or a special humanitarian and compassionate grounds sub-category. Trafficked victims should not be pressured to testify against their traffickers. •Provide migrant workers with opportunities to establish permanent residency in Canada and to reunite with family. •Strengthen coordination and collaboration between immigration authorities, law enforcement, NGOs and other relevant stakeholders in response to human trafficking. •Develop relevant local, national and international counter-trafficking partnerships and initiatives. •Develop comprehensive, multilingual information kits pertaining to Canadian immigration and labour policies, laws, regulations, migrants’ and workers’ rights, and health and social services. Kits should be distributed through Canadian embassies, consulates and missions abroad, and at the Canadian ports of entry, to all temporary workers, visitors, and students. •Ensure accessibility and effectiveness of services for trafficked persons.
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Acting Against Human Trafficking: A Reflection

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Source: 
Comité d’action contre la traite humaine interne et internationale (CATHII)
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
This paper provides a summary of three key documents that were prepared to promote national action against trafficking in persons in Canada: “An Exploration of Promising Practices in Response to Human Trafficking in Canada”, a report requested by the government of the province of Manitoba in 2010; “Connecting the Dots”, a proposal presented by Joy Smith, Member of Parliament for Kildonan-St-Paul, recommending measures required in a national action plan to combat trafficking in persons, published before the NAP was developed; and “Invisible Chains”, by researcher and jurist Benjamin Perrin, which analyzes the issue of trafficking in persons in Canada and abroad. The summary outlines different perspectives on emerging trends and needs in Canada’s anti-trafficking efforts.
Also available in: 
French.

Human Trafficking Power and Control Wheel - Polaris Project

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Source: 
Polaris Project
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
This wheel is meant to raise awareness about the non-physical forms of control used by traffickers in situations of sex and labour trafficking, many of which can be similar to non-physical forms of control and power present in domestic violence situations.
Also available in: 
Only available in English.

Connecting the Dots: A Proposal for a National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking

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Source: 
Smith, Joy / Member of Parliament
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Also available in: 
French.

Canada Fights Human Trafficking

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Source: 
Canada Fights Human Trafficking
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Summary: 
48 sec video

Memoirs of a Sex Slave Survivor

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Source: 
Nagy, Timea
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
A story of one person's difficult journey into the underbelly of the sex slavery trade and the personal healing and forgiveness that followed. Timea Nagy hopes to inspire others to rise above victimization and lead joyful and purposeful lives in spite of difficult circumstances a living example of grace in action.

Sex + Money: A National Search for Human Worth

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Source: 
PhotogenX
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
Sex+Money: A National Search for Human Worth is a feature length documentary that follows a group of journalists as they travel in an RV across the United States, seeking to understand how the sexual exploitation of children has become the nation's fastest growing form of organized crime, and what can be done to stop it. Trailer on youTube @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GsY93C8cm54&feature=player_embedded

Map - Forced Labour and Trafficking

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Source: 
Workers' Alliance against Forced Labour and Trafficking
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
This map designed by the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), with the support of the ILO Special Action Programme to combat forced labour provides information on the workers' alliance against forced labour and trafficking and examples of good practices.
Also available in: 
French and Spanish

Human Trafficking in Canada - 2nd edition

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Source: 
People's Law School
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
A free 16-page booklet available in print and online. Summarizes the definition of trafficking, the law, initiatives and what members of the public can do. List of resources included. Other publications are available online: www.publiclegaled.bc.ca.
Also available in: 
Only available in English.

Human Trafficking in Canada: A Threat Assessment

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Source: 
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Project SECLUSION was prepared for the Immigration and Passport Branch as a national overview of human trafficking activities in an effort to identify the extent of organized crime involvement, transnational associations, source countries, as well as issues and challenges faced by law enforcement. This report also serves as a preliminary baseline of human trafficking activities affecting Canada in both the transnational and domestic perspectives. Issues identified in this assessment were the result of a thorough analysis of investigations with human trafficking elements which occurred between 2005 and 2009. In order to establish consistency, the analysis was framed by the definition of human trafficking as set by the Criminal Code (CC) and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA).
Also available in: 
French

Buying Sex is not a Sport

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Source: 
Resist Exploitation Embrace Dignity
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Buying Sex Is Not a Sport is a grassroots campaign to raise awareness and effect change around sex trafficking and the 2010 Olympic games. The demand for sexual access to the bodies of women and children fuels human trafficking. Women and children in Metro Vancouver and Whistler are routinely coerced into the flesh trade to meet this demand, and a large sporting event such as the 2010 Olympics will only further exploitation through a rise in the demand for paid sex. Buttons, posters, t-shirts available for sale.

Enslaved and Exploited: the Story of Sex Trafficking in Canada

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Source: 
Hope for the Sold
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Video - information and interviews 46:16 minutes

Invisible Chains

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Source: 
Perrin, Benjamin
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian

An Exploration of Promising Practices in Response to Human Trafficking in Canada

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Source: 
International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Services
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Our most recent product, An Exploration of Promising Practices in Response to Human Trafficking in Canada, is available in both English and French. The project assists with the identification of potential best practices to help combat human trafficking in Canada. The project was commissioned by the Government of Manitoba on behalf of the Federal-Provincial-Territorial (FPT) Forum of Senior Officials responsible for the Status of Women. The report has three parts. The first part discusses the legal and sociological context required to understand human trafficking issues as they relate to prevention and victim services. In this regard, the Trafficking Protocol to the Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, the first internationally agreed upon definition of trafficking in persons, frames the discussion. The report outlines Canada's laws against human trafficking: section 279.01 of the Criminal Code, passed in 2005, and section 118 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, passed in 2002. Canada's existing human trafficking coordination bodies and victims services at the federal, provincial and territorial levels are briefly canvassed. The second section explores promising practices in human trafficking prevention and victim services while the third offers brief conclusions and recommendations on the practices presented. This report is available on the Government of Manitoba’s Website, as well as that of ICCLR.
Also available in: 
French

coerce.ca - Fight against Modern Day Slavery

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Source: 
coerce.ca
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Raises awareness through a blog

Human Trafficking and the Sex Trade Fact Sheet

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Source: 
Ottawa Rape Crisis Centre
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
1 page with facts and statistics

The Walk - a play about sex trafficking

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Source: 
Cunningham-Huston, Catherine
Date: 
2010
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
“The Walk” is a new play about sex trafficking, by Catherine Cunningham-Huston. It will be produced by Moon Dog Theatre, in association with PACT-Ottawa (Persons Against the Crime of Trafficking in Humans). It's the story of three wildly incompatible individuals struggling to write a play about the trafficking of women. CATHERINE ANNE is a quirky social activist nun, STEPHANIE is a neurotic writer, and PETER is an out-of-work film director. From the group’s meetings, the haunting stories of trafficked women emerge. One thread that runs through the play is the story of CELESTINE, a Nigerian woman who was trafficked for eight years in Italy and is now trying to build a life for her infant son in Canada.

UNODC Model Law against Trafficking in Persons

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Source: 
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Date: 
2009
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
The UNODC Model Law against Trafficking in Persons has been developed to assist States in implementing the provisions contained in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing that Convention. It aims to facilitate the review and amendment of existing legislation as well as the adoption of new legislation. The Model Law covers not only the criminalization of trafficking in persons and related offences, but also the different aspects of assistance to victims as well as establishing cooperation between different state authorities and NGOs. Each provision is accompanied by a detailed commentary, providing several options for legislators, as appropriate, and legal sources and examples.
Also available in: 
French

Leaflet about Trafficking in Persons

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Source: 
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Date: 
2009
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Also available in: 
French

Global Report on Trafficking in Persons

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Source: 
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Date: 
2009
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
On 12 February 2009, UNODC launched the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons. Based on data gathered from 155 countries, it offers the first global assessment of the scope of human trafficking and what is being done to fight it. It includes: an overview of trafficking patterns; legal steps taken in response; and country-specific information on reported cases of trafficking in persons, victims, and prosecutions.
Also available in: 
Executive Summary available in French

Fact Sheet on Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes

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Source: 
Beyond Borders
Date: 
2009
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Children fall victim to human traffickers for many of the same reasons that adults become victims. However, children have less influence on their own lives, and the national systems of justice and child welfare often do not adequately protect them. Children are thus much more vulnerable than adults ot exploitation. Children can become victims of a trafficking operation at any age, depending on the form of exploitation to which they will be subjected. Sometimes the children may know that they will be used to provide sexual services to adults, but they are completely unaware of the level of abuse to which they will be subjected, or of the physical and psychological damage they will suffer. Young people who want to get away from their home situations might not think about the possible problems they could face, and they do not have the experience to anticipate the dangers. Children who have no one to protect the are easy to manipulate. The traffickers understand this vulnerability, and are ready to exploit it. 6 pages

Avenue Zero

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Source: 
Choquette, Hélène / National Film Board (NFB) et al.
Date: 
2009
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
52 mins - available for sale from NFB - French & English - Summary: Asian girls are enslaved in a suburban massage parlor... Domestic workers with working conditions reminiscent of slavery… Vancouver gangs recruit Honduran boys to sell drugs... Girls in a Montreal subway station are lured into prostitution... Human trafficking is still a reality today. And it’s happening closer to home than you might think. Featuring candid interviews with victims and witnesses, Avenue Zero weaves a spellbinding portrait of a dark and sinister trade flourishing in the shadows of the law.

Combating Trafficking in Persons: A Handbook for Parliamentarians

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Source: 
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Date: 
2009
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
As public awareness of human trafficking grows, people are demanding that action be taken to end it. As elected representatives, parliamentarians have a responsibility and the power to ensure that laws and other measures are put in place and implemented to that end. The Handbook is intended to inspire them to enact sound laws and adopt good practices that will strengthen national responses to human trafficking.
Also available in: 
French

Caring for Trafficked Persons: Guidance for Health Providers

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Source: 
International Organization for Migration, London School for Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Trafficking in Persons
Date: 
2009
Category: 
Services
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
For many trafficked persons, the physical and psychological aftermath of a trafficking experience can be severe and enduring. Health providers may come into contact with victims of trafficking at different stages of the trafficking process and at different stages of their recovery. For health practitioners, diagnosing and treating trafficked persons can be exceptionally challenging. The informed and attentive health care provider can play an important role in assisting and treating individuals who may have suffered unspeakable and repeated abuse.
Also available in: 
Spanish (2012).

La Traite d'enfants: Une réalité d'ici ... et d'ailleurs

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Source: 
International Bureau for Children's Rights (IBCR)
Date: 
2009
Category: 
Services
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Only available in French. En 2004, le Bureau international des droits des enfants (IBCR) a été mandaté par le ministère de la Justice du Canada pour effectuer une étude préliminaire sur la traite d’enfants afin d’identifier l’ampleur et la portée du phénomène au Canada. Même si cette étude a permis de noter quelques avancées réalisées par le Canada, elle a aussi dévoilé un retard certain face aux initiatives et aux mesures adoptées par l’Union Européenne et les Etats-Unis. Force est de constater que la traite existe au Canada, ce qui est démontré dans cette étude. Par la suite, l’IBCR a voulu approfondir ce constat, tout en ayant le souci de passer à l’action et de développer des outils et des partenariats susceptibles de faire cesser cette violation des droits des enfants. Ainsi l’IBCR a entamé une étude plus poussée sur la traite d’enfants au Québec au cours de l’année 2006. Les résultats obtenus et les réseaux de collaboration établis par le biais de cette recherche devraient contribuer à : 1) prévenir la traite ; 2) protéger les droits des enfants et 3) renforcer la poursuite des trafiquants. Ce rapport présente un résumé de cette recherche de l’IBCR. Il expose la méthodologie ainsi que les résultats qualitatifs et les perspectives en matière de lutte contre la traite au Québec.
Also available in: 
Only available in French.

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