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Labour Trafficking & Migrant Workers in British Columbia

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Source: 
West Coast Domestic Workers' Association (WCDWA)
Date: 
2014
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
This report builds on a previous report, "Access To Justice For Migrant Workers In BC" published in 2013 by the West Coast Domestic Workers' Association, by focusing on labour trafficking and how the conditions and systems described in the 2013 report create environments of vulnerability that enable trafficking and trafficking-like situations to occur. This report aims to be a resource for WCDWA, other migrant workers’ advocacy groups and organizations, and policy makers in their efforts to protect migrant workers’ rights in BC. It also will contribute to the larger debate that recognizes the urgent need for systemic solutions that involve reforming legislative frameworks, committing more resources to supporting survivors of trafficking, investing in training front line responders on how to handle labour trafficking cases, and reforming labour and immigration policies that create employer-employee power imbalances and can lead to environments where labour trafficking can occur.
Also available in: 
Only available in English.

PACT-Ottawa Local Safety Audit Report: Towards the Prevention of Trafficking in Persons and Related Exploitation in the Ottawa Area

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Source: 
PACT-Ottawa
Date: 
2014
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
PACT-Ottawa’s Local Safety Audit Report is part of Project imPACT’s efforts to prevent and reduce trafficking of women and girls in Ottawa through community planning. The project’s research was carried out between June 2013 and April 2014 in collaboration with partners including Crime Prevention Ottawa, Ottawa Police Service and St. Joe’s Women’s Centre, as well as a wide range of community stakeholders.
Also available in: 
Only available in English.

Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour - Full Report

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Source: 
International Labour Organization (ILO)
Date: 
2014
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
The study investigates the root factors driving forced labour, of which a major one is illegal profits. It is based on primary data indicating a correlation between forced labour and poverty. The report further offers a new ILO estimate of the profits generated through the use of forced labour in various economic sectors, as well as in commercial sexual exploitation. Figures breakdown profits by area of forced labour and by region.
Also available in: 
Executive summary available in French and Spanish.

Trauma-informed: The Trauma Toolkit

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Source: 
Manitoba Trauma Information and Education Centre (MTIEC), Klinic Community Health Centre
Date: 
2013
Category: 
Services
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Klinic Community Health Centre in Winnipeg developed this 150-page toolkit to provide knowledge to service organizations and providers working with adults who have experienced or been affected by trauma, in order to deliver services that are trauma-informed and to develop trauma-informed relationships that cultivate safety, trust and compassion. While the toolkit does not speak specifically to the trauma experienced by trafficked persons, it offers guidelines for working with people affected by different types of trauma, and it provides organizational check-lists, recommended terminology, alternative and cultural teachings and healing practices, and ways to address vicarious trauma. It includes sections on sexual abuse, the legacy of residential schools, and the experience of immigrants and refugees. Website: http://trauma-informed.ca.
Also available in: 
French.

Service and Capacity Review for Victims of Sexual Exploitation and Human Trafficking in Nunavut - Phase 1

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Source: 
Helen Roos, Roos-Remillard Consulting Services
Date: 
2013
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
The report focuses on trafficking in persons and sexual exploitation in Inuit communities in Nunavut and Ottawa. The report is an initial survey gathering information from 25 Inuit frontline service workers, justice and organizational partners, as well as 32 youth and adult survivors of sexual exploitation and one survivor of trafficking. It offers recommendations developed from input provided by project participants about steps to take in strengthening awareness on trafficking and sexual exploitation in communities across Canada, and in supporting inter-organizational coordination. The report is specific about the importance of this research as being reflective of patterns and scenarios occurring across Canada that are not only specific to Inuit communities.
Also available in: 
Only in English.

Prince Edward Island Human Trafficking Response Guide

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Source: 
Interministerial Women's Secretariat, PEI Provincial Human Trafficking Committee
Date: 
2013
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
This guide provides information for trafficked persons and for those in a position to assist survivors of trafficking. The guide includes information on how to identify a trafficked person, what steps to take and what services are available to help. A directory is also provided with contact information of support and service organizations in PEI.
Also available in: 
Only available in English.

Report on Domestic Human Trafficking for the Purpose of Sexual Exploitation in Canada

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Source: 
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)
Date: 
2013
Category: 
Awareness
Summary: 
The Human Trafficking National Coordination Centre (HTNCC) of the RCMP has published a national report evaluating domestic trafficking in persons for the purpose of sexual exploitation in Canada. This report is a result of the project SAFEKEEPING, launched by the HTNCC in April 2014 as a result of information gathered on trafficking-specific or related cases from the RCMP and other law enforcement agencies. The findings of the report identify the different characteristics of traffickers and trafficked persons in the cases examined, as well as the vulnerabilities of trafficked persons and the modi operandi of traffickers. The report also includes overviews of human trafficking activities domestically for the purpose of sexual exploitation across different provinces, as well as gaps and challenges involved in investigating human trafficking.
Also available in: 
French

Modern Day Slavery: Combating the Exploitation and Trafficking of Foreign Workers in Our Communities

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Source: 
MOSAIC, West Coast Domestic Workers’ Association
Date: 
2013
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Pamphlet to raise awareness and provide assistance to foreign workers who may have been trafficked.
Also available in: 
Punjabi, Chinese, Spanish, and Filipino

Break the Silence

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Source: 
Mulder, François
Date: 
2013
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Francois Mulder, a Canadian artist, decided to join the fight against Human Trafficking when he met survivor Timea E Nagy and consequently read her book. He wrote a beautiful song based on Timea’s experience of what it is like to be a sex slave. The song is released on Itunes along with a video that will serve as a Public Service Announcement to raise awareness around the world.
Also available in: 
Only available in English.

Human trafficking: Understanding and addressing violence against women

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Source: 
World Health Organization (WHO), Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
Date: 
2012
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
8-page information sheet that explains the health effects of different forms of human trafficking on trafficked persons. The WHO and PAHO developed a series of information sheets on violence against women (VAW) that summarizes information on the prevalence, patterns, consequences, risk factors and strategies to address the different forms of VAW. This information sheet is part of the series and is meant for program managers, practitioners, researchers, policy-makers and others working in a wide range of sectors and in every country.

Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012

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Source: 
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Date: 
2012
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
The present Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012 is one of the outcomes of the United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons, adopted by the General Assembly in 2010. The General Assembly tasked the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) with data collection and biennial reporting on patterns and flows of trafficking in persons at the global, regional and national levels, to be carried out in close collaboration with national authorities. The present report is the first of its kind and marks the launch by UNODC of a series of global reports on trafficking in persons. Previous UNODC reports on trafficking in persons have highlighted the lack of knowledge with regard to this crime and called for Member States and the international community to increase efforts towards obtaining a solid understanding of this complex crime of global reach. Some progress has been made. While the overall picture remains incomplete, as the capacity to detect and report on trafficking in persons continues to vary greatly from country to country, the pool of information available for researchers to draw upon has increased significantly in recent years. As a result, the findings presented in this report rest on an objective and relatively solid evidence base, although significant information gaps remain. Following the mandate of the General Assembly in the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons of July 2010, the purpose of this report is to inform about human trafficking patterns and flows. For that, UNODC has based the analysis on a large sample of officially detected cases of trafficking in persons world wide. While this serves the purpose of assessing patterns and flows of trafficking, it cannot be used as a base for estimating the level of crime or number of victims.
Also available in: 
Executive summary available in French.

SAWC Forced Marriage and Human Trafficking - Brochure

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Source: 
South Asian Women's Centre (SAWC)
Date: 
2012
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
AttachmentSize
PDF icon sawc-brochure-fmht-2012.pdf1.82 MB

Issue Paper: Abuse of a Position of Vulnerability and other "Means" Within the Definition of Trafficking in Persons

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Source: 
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Date: 
2012
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
The purpose of this issue paper is to clarify the key concept of abuse of a position of vulnerability as a means of the crime of trafficking in persons in the definition contained in Article 3 of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol. Drawing on interviews with practitioners from 12 States (Canada, Belgium, Brazil, Egypt, India, Mexico, Netherlands (the), Nigeria, Republic of Moldova (the), Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the), and United States of America (the)), and finalized with input received during an expert group meeting, two products were developed, the issue paper and a corresponding Guidance Note that aims to assist criminal justice officers in penal proceedings.
Also available in: 
Guidance Note also in French.

ILO 2012 Global Estimate of Forced Labour - Results and Methodology

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Source: 
International Labour Organization (ILO)
Date: 
2012
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
This document describes in detail the revised methodology used to generate the 2012 ILO global estimate of forced labour, covering the period from 2002 to 2011, and the main results obtained.

Recognizing Human Trafficking: Guidelines for Health Care Providers

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Source: 
Safe Horizon
Date: 
2012
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
“Recognizing Human Trafficking: Guidelines for Health Care Providers” is a power point presentation intended to be used as an introduction for medical professionals who may come into contact with victims of human trafficking in the context of their daily practice. The slides describe numerous trafficking indicators which will help the professional both to identify and appropriately respond to the victims they may encounter. The impact on the health and well-being of the men, women and children who are the victims of human trafficking is serious and long lasting. Developing a public health response to this issue is a critical step to ensure that survivors are identified and receive proper care and support. Victims of human trafficking have often been subjected to severe and complex forms of interpersonal trauma that can have an effect on the way that they interact with medical professionals. The trafficking information set out in this presentation has been put together with the health professional in mind.  However it is by no means exhaustive. To make the best use of this presentation, we recommend that health care providers meet with an anti-trafficking service provider or expert to tailor and facilitate trainings that address the specialized needs of the staff.
Also available in: 
Only available in English.

Resource Information Guide to Human Trafficking Systems through Forced Marriages

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Source: 
South Asian Women's Centre (SAWC)
Date: 
2012
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
This is a tool kit for service providers to help victims and survivors of forced marriages and human trafficking. The project examines the intersectionality of Forced Marriage and Human Trafficking (FMHT), in order to develop best practices for assisting survivors. It explores Human Trafficking and Forced Marriage as part of the framework of domestic violence both before and after marriage. The main aim of the project was to develop a training curriculum for service providers and front line staff to assist survivors of FMHT and a survivor’s guide. Through funding from the Law Foundation of Ontario, brochures have been produced to assist survivors in the same five South Asian languages: Bangladeshi, Hindi, Tamil, Punjabi and Urdu.
Also available in: 
Guide only available in English.

Human Trafficking of Youth in Canada PSA

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Source: 
Action Coalition on human Trafficking (ACT) Alberta
Date: 
2012
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
The term "human trafficking" often conjures images of brothels in South East Asia or forced labour in sweatshops throughout the developing world, but unbeknownst to many in our own communities, it is happening to youth in Canada as well. This video depicts three human trafficking scenarios youth in Canada may be susceptible to: Dubious models opportunities abroad and within Canada, coming to Canada for a better life in the hands of a relative or friend to only be used for labour exploitation, and finally the "Prince Charming" scenario where men prey on young vulnerable girls by showering them with affection only to manipulate them into working in the sex trade.
Also available in: 
Only available in English.

Unprotected Work, Invisible Exploitation: Trafficking for the Purpose of Domestic Servitude

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Source: 
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
Date: 
2011
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
The paper, Unprotected Work, Invisible Exploitation: Trafficking for the Purpose of Domestic Servitude, is based on desk research, field work and case study analyses in order to shed light on one of the most invisible forms of modern-day slavery, and provides a policy tool for decision makers and practitioners dealing with trafficking in human beings in terms of prevention, prosecution and protection of trafficked persons' rights, including assistance and support. The publication also benefits from the expertise of specialized NGOs. Furthermore, it is enriched by the valuable contributions and direct experience of policymakers and public officials (including law enforcement, prosecutors, judges, diplomats), as well as trade unions, international organizations and academics who participated in the Alliance against Trafficking in Persons conference on 17-18 June 2010. The paper's first chapter, "Trafficking in Human Beings for Domestic Servitude in the OSCE Region: Analysis and Challenges", explains the phenomenon of trafficking for domestic servitude in the OSCE region through the use of specific case studies and illustrates the diversity of situations and workers' experiences in this area. It seeks to identify the structural features that may make domestic workers particularly vulnerable to exploitation. The Paper also provides an overview of the applicable international legal standards as well as the legal approaches to prosecuting traffickers, using analyses of legal cases. The paper concludes by issuing 30 "Key Recommendations for Action to Tackle Trafficking in Human Beings for Domestic Servitude". The recommendations are structured into four main areas of action: Prevention, Protection, Prosecution, and specific recommendations concerning the Diplomatic Corps. All the recommendations are based on a victim-centred and human rights approach.

She Has a Name - a play

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Source: 
Kooman, Andrew
Date: 
2011
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Jason, a young lawyer, fights to build a legal case against a human trafficking ring in Thailand. His investigation centres on Number 18, a young prostitute working in a Bangkok brothel whose testimony could make or break the case. Thrust into circumstances beyond his control, Jason is haunted by Voices that usher 18 to her fate. Can he win the trust of 18 and convince her to risk her life to testify for the sake of justice? Inspired by an event in April of 2008 in which an abandoned storage container was found in Thailand containing 121 workers from Burma, 54 of them dead, Andrew Kooman’s She Has A Name dramatically gives human trafficking a face.

NOII Smuggling Event

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Source: 
No One Is Illegal & South Asian Legal Clinic of Ontario
Date: 
2011
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
Panel discussion, posted on YouTube in 5 parts, approx 45 mins total - includes distinction between smuggling and trafficking from several points of view - Moderator Karin Baqi, Panelists Macdonald Scott, Barbara Jackman, Kamala Kempadoo, Graciela Flores Mendez

Sexual Exploitation: The Devastation of Human Life for Profit (pamphlet)

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Source: 
London Coalition Against Human Trafficking
Date: 
2011
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
These template pamphlets provide information on the nature of sex trafficking and can be adapted by local communities for their own use. The .pdf is the finished printed product and the .doc is a sample layout with text.
AttachmentSize
Microsoft Office document icon lcahtbrochure-sex-doc.doc49.5 KB
PDF icon lcahtbrochure-sexprint.pdf330.81 KB

Know your rights

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Source: 
Safe Horizon
Date: 
2011
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
This is the full text of this US document with basic advice for foreign nationals. GAP? is there a similar document that pertains to foreign nationals in Canada? "Know your rights! Many people in abusive employment situations don’t seek help because they are afraid they lack a valid visa to the United States. All individuals that work in the United States – regardless of immigration status – have the right to: * Be treated and paid fairly; * A safe and healthy workplace; * Not be held in a job against their will; * Keep their passport and other identification documents in their possession; * Report abuse without retaliation; * Be free from discrimination and harassment of any kind; * Leave an abusive employment situation; * Request help from unions, immigrant and labor rights groups and other groups; and * Seek justice in U.S. courts. It is also important to remember that there are many ways you can protect yourself. ALWAYS: * Keep your passport in a safe, easily accessible place; * Keep copies of your passport, visa, and employment contract in your home country with relatives or friends; * Keep the phone number of your home country’s embassy on hand; and * Keep a record of all the days and hours that you work, and the amount and date of each payment that you receive."

Fact Sheet on Prostitution and Human Trafficking

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Source: 
Canadian Federation of University Women (CFUW) BC Council
Date: 
2011
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
2 pages
AttachmentSize
PDF icon cfuwfactsheetprostitution.pdf157.49 KB

Labour Exploitation: Human Life for Profit (pamphlet)

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Source: 
London Coalition Against Human Trafficking
Date: 
2011
Category: 
Services
Awareness
Origin: 
Canadian
Summary: 
These template pamphlets provide information on the nature of labour trafficking and can be adapted by local communities for their own use. The .pdf is the finished printed product and the .doc is a sample layout with text.

Transnational Organized Crime in the Fishing Industry

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Source: 
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Date: 
2011
Category: 
Awareness
Origin: 
International
Summary: 
The study considered the involvement of the fishing industry or the use of fishing vessels in trafficking in persons (Chapter 2); smuggling of migrants (Chapter 3); illicit traffic in drugs (Chapter 4); and other forms of crime such as marine living resource crime, corruption, and piracy and other security related crimes (Chapter 5). The perhaps most disturbing finding of the study was the severity of the abuse of fishers trafficked for the purpose of forced labour on board fishing vessels.

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