CCR Resolutions Database
Search here for CCR resolutions. You can also consult resolutions by date of adoption.
- Previous CCR resolutions already call on the IRB, IRCC and CBSA to include education and training on LGBT issues;
- Previous CCR resolutions already call on the IRB to adopt Guidelines for determination of claims of persecution on the basis of sexual orientation but not on other branches of the immigration system to do so;
- The IRB is currently in the process of developing sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) Guidelines and the CCR is participating in the related consultation process;
that the CCR call on IRCC, the CBSA and MIDI, as well as provincial and territorial immigration departments to adopt comprehensive internal policies that promote fair, just and equitable treatment related to sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression, and provide ongoing education on these policies.
- Gender identity is a fluid concept;
- Refugees may be persecuted because of their gender identity;
- Migrants’ gender identity may change before and after they arrive in Canada;
- Trans newcomers to Canada experience barriers in obtaining government documents which reflect their gender identity;
- CIC policies state that its documents cannot be changed to reflect persons’ lived gender identity;
- Provincial and Territorial Human Rights Codes protect the right to gender identity and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms prohibits discrimination;
that the CCR demand amendments to CIC policies such that immigration and citizenship documents reflect the gender of persons as they identify.
- The CCR adopted a resolution in November 1994 in regard to education and guidelines on sexual orientation for the IRB;
- The 1994 resolution does not address specific training with the IRB in regard to trans communities, nor does it recognize education and training for CIC and CBSA employees;
That the CCR:
- Ensure from now on that all CCR policies regarding sexual orientation reflect the diverse lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, transexual, queer, questioning and intersex communities;
- Advocate with the IRB, CIC and CBSA to include education and training on trans specific, transphobia and homophobia issues.
- The CCR has been discussing issues of homophobia and heterosexism since 1996
- A resolution was adopted in 2004 to develop a policy;
That the CCR:
- Accept the Draft Preamble and Application of the Policy, as amended, for full implementation;
- Commit to maintaining public education within its membership;
- Compile a Glossary of Terms.
- CCR passed Resolution 19,Dec. 2000 on combating homophobia and heterosexism and Resolution 4, May1998 on the need to develop internal policies that affirm the rights of individuals.
- CCR should lead by example in combating homophobia and heterosexism in the CCR membership and the immigrant and refugee serving communities.
That the CCR:
- Develop an anti-homophobia and anti-heterosexism policy to present to its membership for endorsement at the Fall 2004 consultation.
- Ensure that this new policy and the existing anti-racism policy incorporate an integrated approach in implementation.
- The CCR passed a resolution in November 1994 on guidelines and education on sexual orientation for the IRB (Res. 16);
- There continues to be a lack of familiarity and sensitivity to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender/transsexual (LGBT) issues and realities amongst some members of the IRB, RPOs and CIC employees as well as a continuing attitude of homophobia and heterosexism;
- Members are using the existence of LGBT organizations in the country of origin as evidence of acceptance in the country of origin;
- Members are using tourist promotional materials directed at LGBT North American communities as evidence of acceptance;
- Members incorrectly assume that there are no human rights abuses and therefore consider there is evidence of acceptance, in situations where both Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch are silent on specific countries;
- Some members state that claimants will experience no problems if they behave in a discreet manner in their country of origin;
That the CCR:
- Write to the Chairperson of the IRB requesting the development and implementation of guidelines for sexual orientation claims and that the guidelines be developed in consultation with the CCR and LGBT organizations;
- Request the IRB and CIC to provide ongoing sensitivity training on LGBT issues and realities for members, RPOs and CIC employees.
- The CCR membership has acknowledged the negative impact of homophobia and heterosexism within our sector and membership;
- Current settlement standards do not explicitly reflect the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) refugees and immigrants;
- There is an apparent lack of commitment to training and education on these issues;
- There are serious concerns about the refusal rates of refugee claims based on sexual orientation;
That a task group be struck by the CCR to:
- Facilitate information-sharing on pro LGBTQ practices and policies within the immigration and refugee sector;
- Suggest amendments to existing settlement standards to include LGBTQ issues;
- Urge CCR members to implement mandatory training and education within their agencies on unlearning homophobia and heterosexism;
- Gather evidence about the refusal rate, processes and practices of the IRB in relation to claims based on sexual orientation.
- Gay men and lesbians are recognized as a particular social group by the federal court;
- Gay men and lesbians are protected from discrimination under section 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms;
- Most Canadian provinces currently recognize gay and lesbian relationships as legally equal to heterosexual relationships;
- The CCR has adopted a resolution on "Guidelines and Education on Sexual Orientation for the IRB" (Res 16, Nov 94);
That the CCR call on the federal government to:
- Grant equal legal status to same-sex relationships within the Family Class as is currently given heterosexual relationships;
- Exempt refugees from rejection on the basis of medical inadmissibility, particularly gays and lesbians with HIV/AIDS;
- Extend full and equal protection to people fleeing persecution based on sexual orientation at visa offices;
- Waive the one-year cohabitation requirement for overseas sponsorship of a same-sex partner and to substitute it with an appropriate non-discriminatory alternative.
- The Human Rights Code includes sexual orientation as one of the prohibited grounds for discrimination in Canada;
- Gay men, lesbians, bisexual and transgendered individuals are as much a part of the immigrant and refugee communities as they are part of every community;
- Settlement agencies have the responsibility to provide relevant, effective and appropriate services to these further marginalized immigrant and refugee communities;
- The staff of settlement agencies, as part of a society that has heterosexist privilege, may have internalized a world view that further marginalizes these groups;
- This will impact negatively on the ability of the sector to provide effective settlement services to gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered immigrants and refugees;
That the CCR play a proactive role in supporting the rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered immigrants and refugees by:
- a) Becoming familiar with the issues affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered immigrants and refugees, with the agencies providing specialized services to these communities, and with the immigration options available to them;
b) Providing training opportunities at conferences for settlement staff to begin to challenge attitudes which discriminate against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered refugees and immigrants;
c) Developing internal policies that affirm the rights of individuals who are lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered immigrants and refugees;
d) Applying inclusive hiring practices that encourage the employment of staff from these communities.
- Taking a proactive role in encouraging CCR member agencies to accept their responsibility to provide appropriate settlement services to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered immigrants and refugees by undertaking the same initiatives outlined above.
There are a number of refugee claims based on sexual orientation being rejected by the Immigration and Refugee Board for reasons that indicate prejudice at worst and a lack of knowledge at best;
That the CCR strongly urge the Immigration and Refugee Board to develop and adopt Guidelines for determination of claims of persecution on the basis of sexual orientation and provide on-going education on the Guidelines and on combatting homophobia to members, refugee hearings officers and interpreters.