Safe Third Country

Under  the Safe Third Country Agreement, in effect since December 2004, Canada and the US each declare the other country safe for refugees and close the door on most refugee claimants at the US-Canada border. 

The Canadian Council for Refugees strenuously opposes the Agreement, because the US is not a safe country for all refugees. The CCR also denounces the purpose and effect of reducing the number of refugees who can seek Canada’s protection.

The CCR continues to call on the Canadian government to withdraw from the Safe Third Country Agreement. The CCR participated in a legal challenge of the designation of the US as a safe third country shortly after it came into effect, and is engged in a new legal challenge, launched in July 2017 (see below). 

Frequently Asked Questions

To understand more about the impact of the Safe Third Country Agreement on refugee claimants entering from the US, see this page

Practical information

For practical information for refugee claimants entering from USA, see this resource

Historical information

For more information about the origins of the Safe Third Country Agreement and the first legal challenge, see this page.